Lump sum payments at the birth of the first child
The state constantly cares for the support of families with children, and a clear example of this is the increase in 2014, the amount of a lump-sum benefit to the family at the birth of the baby. In 2014, this amount was 13 741, 99 rubles, and in 2013 it was equal to 13087 rubles. It is necessary to know to parents that this amount is guaranteed by the state, regardless of their earnings and employment. It is given to mothers who worked before the decree and received an official salary, as well as those who did not work at all, studied. If twins are born in the family, three children, then, accordingly, such amount is paid for each child. Parents do not receive a one-time benefit at the birth of a dead child.
By the way, the amounts of the above benefit and its payment are made on the basis of the law on the federal budget for 2014.
One-time payments for the birth of a second child
If a second child appears in the family, then his mother or father also receives a lump sum for a baby in the amount of 13 741, 99 rubles. Besides this, another significant payment is envisaged by the state for such a family, the purpose of which is to support the birth rate in the country. This maternity capital is one of the types of social assistance that is paid to the mother only at the birth of the second child and the subsequent (third, fourth, fifth, etc.). In 2014, the amount of maternity capital is 429,408 rubles. It should be noted that this social guarantee is constantly indexed. The state clearly defines the mechanism for obtaining maternity capital.
The first step is to obtain a Certificate for maternity capital. This document is filed in the Pension Fund Department at the place of residence of the mother. It is envisaged, that the family can spend these funds only by non-cash transfers. These can be appointments related to the living conditions and training of the child. For example, buying or building a cottage, a house, training a son or daughter in a paid institution. In addition, the mother's capital can also be formed by the labor pension of the mother (her funded part). Legislation provides that the maternity capital should be used only after reaching a son or daughter of three years of age. Exceptions to the rules are the payment of mortgages by the family for housing.
One-time payments for the birth of the third child
So, at the birth of triplets for each kid, the family receives 13 741, 99 rubles a one-time benefit. The same amount is paid and when the family is replenished by a third child.
In addition, the legislation provides for the birth of a third child before the execution of 3 years of monthly assistance. But this rule is valid only in 53 regions of Russia, where the low birth rate. In addition, this payment is extended to families with a low level of security, that is, the amount depends on the total average income of the family. The amount of such social payment for the third child in these regions is 6-11 thousand rubles.
What documents are needed to receive a lump sum at the birth of a child
As for the time limits for filing documents for a lump sum, this is 6 months from the birth of the baby, regardless of whether the second is a child , the third or the first.
One of the parents can issue their right to receive this one-time payment. This can be the guardian of the baby. Such a one-time payment is made at the place of employment of the mother or father. With the relevant documents you need to go to the accounting department of your company, firm or institution.
So, what does it take to execute the above payment? First of all, present your passport or other identification document. Then you need to write a request for the appointment of such a manual in the name of the head. To it it is necessary to attach the certificate of the REGISTRY OFFICE about a birth of the kid (the form Й 24) If the parent lonely, under the form Й25. A copy of the birth certificate of the son or daughter is attached, a certificate from the work of the other parent that such an allowance was not assigned and not paid to him.
If parents do not work, then you need to apply for benefits in the RUSZN. At the same time it is necessary to show again the birth certificate of your baby, a certificate from the registry office, a copy of the work book. For parents who did not work before, you need to present diplomas or certificates for registration of benefits.
Payment of this type of benefits is made by law not later than ten days after the submission to the appropriate authorities of the entire required list of documents.
Monthly child benefits in 2014
Families with children have always been and will be protected by the state. So, in addition to lump-sum payments at the birth of a son or daughter, the family also has a monthly allowance for caring for them up to 1, 5 years. It is paid to the father or mother (the one who actually cares for the baby) in the amount of forty percent of his income for the previous 2 years. That is, the amount of this benefit directly depends on the income of its recipient, but there is in this and its "boundary ceilings."
If we talk about the receipt of such benefits by non-working parents, then its size is fixed. In 2014, the amount of the allowance for the care of a son or daughter up to 1, 5 years of age is 2,576, 63 rubles for the first child, and then for the second, third, etc., to 5153, 24 rubles.
Payment for children from 1, 5 to 3 years in 2014 is also a monthly, and its size is 50 rubles. But in some regions this type of benefit is paid according to a specific coefficient. For example, in Moscow it is 2000 rubles.
In 2014, monthly benefits are provided for the category of socially unprotected citizens.
For example, orphans or children, left without the care of the father and mother until the age of 12, monthly payments in the amount of 15,000 rubles are put. The same category of children aged 12 to 18 years - 20 000 rubles.
Persons who raise a disabled child under the age of 18 or are disabled from childhood to 23 years are entitled to a payment of 6,000 rubles.