Doctors state: it can cause anything, but the saddest thing is that the predisposition to an allergy can not be cured - only the symptoms accompanying it are treated. And not always the symptoms, characteristic for this or that kind of allergy, will testify to its appearance. So, for example, nasal congestion, sneezing and runny nose, called the common term "acute rhinitis", appear in 50% of pregnant women. In this case, talking about an allergic rhinitis makes sense, if an exacerbation is observed during the flowering of flowers or trees, as a reaction to dust, the appearance of pets in the apartment. But already bronchial asthma is considered a more serious allergic disease. Although it is in itself a contraindication for pregnancy is not, nevertheless, the doctor must be informed if bronchial asthma is present in the anamnesis - so the specialist will be able to provide the necessary control throughout the pregnancy.
How does an allergy affect pregnancy?
Concerning the effect of allergy during pregnancy on the fetus: in itself, this condition for the baby is not dangerous, since the substances caused by allergic manifestations (the so-called antigens) are not able to penetrate the fetus through the placenta, somehow acting on it. Although, of course, if there is an allergy in a pregnant woman, the predisposition of the child to allergic diseases certainly increases.
Another thing is that more damage to the fetus is caused by changes in the state of the mother and the drugs used in such conditions (some of them affect the blood supply of the fetus, and not for the better). In this regard, it is desirable to eliminate as far as possible all the factors that can provoke an exacerbation of allergies and refrain from taking medications - especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, when the main formation of the future organs of the child occurs.
Treatment of allergies during pregnancy
It is very important for a woman who is pregnant with a child to understand that the decisive role in the propensity to allergicness in her case is not treated as such, and the prevention or elimination of contact with the allergen. If this is not achieved, then the whole algorithm of action is reduced to a single: an immediate appeal to the doctor.
Medications for allergies in pregnancy are prescribed only if they do not completely harm the mother or the child. Moreover: very many of the drugs traditionally used in the treatment of allergic conditions, to use during pregnancy are strictly contraindicated. This is primarily Diphenhydramine, Astemizole, Pipolphen (Piperacillin). In cases where the mother's condition poses a greater threat than the probable harm from medicines, Claritin (Loratadin), Cetirizine, and Fexadine may be prescribed, as a rule, only in the second or third trimesters. One of the most harmless is, perhaps, Suprastin. But Tavegil (aka Clemastin) can only be used for life indications.
And yet, it is not often possible to avoid taking medicines to allergic mothers. In this case, it is always necessary to select a treatment together with an allergist, correlating the benefits and harms with taking medications.
At the forefront in the case of a woman's tendency to allergic reactions comes out prevention of allergies in pregnancy. First and foremost, it is necessary to pass an allergy test - it can be used to determine what exactly causes an allergy and develop an appropriate "line of conduct."
If you have any type of allergy, it is reasonable to observe a hypoallergenic diet, the essence of which is to exclude from the diet of pregnant foods that can cause allergic reactions. The largest products-allergens are fish and seafood, honey, nuts, chocolate and cocoa, citrus fruits, red berries (raspberries, strawberries), smoked meats and marinades, juices and carbonated drinks, as well as sweet, spicy, salty. But without fear, you can, and even recommended to consume butter and sour-milk products (that's just with yogurt should be careful), dietary meat (veal, turkey, rabbit, chicken), vegetables and fruits, but a dull color (potatoes, cabbage, zucchini , apples and pears, currants and gooseberries), porridges, legumes, greens. Some vitamins and trace elements can also become natural antihistamines, in particular vitamins C, B12, nicotinic and pantothenic acid, and zinc.
In addition, in order to avoid the manifestation of allergy during pregnancy to women who have a corresponding predisposition, you need to get rid of smoking (cigarettes do not contribute to the normal development of the baby, even in the absence of allergies); Regularly ventilate the room and do a wet cleaning; get rid of things that "collect" dust - carpets, drapes, soft toys; restrict communication with animals, and, moreover, do not keep them at home. And do not forget about breastfeeding - breast milk is the best prevention of allergy in a baby, and up to six months to introduce complementary foods is undesirable.