Many women have learned to accurately determine ovulation by their own sensations, in which they are helped by different signs, including the allocation of ovulation.
The fact that before the ripened egg leaves the follicle, the cervical mucus changes its consistency, noticed, oddly enough, the man - Australian doctor John Billing. He became the author of the so-called cervical method of natural pregnancy planning, called the method of Billing.
The conclusions of the doctor's observations have a completely physiological explanation. Multiple changes in the female body, occurring regularly every month, are caused by a constant change in the level of sex hormones. Gynecologists say that during one menstrual cycle, a woman experiences four seasons. In the process of hormonal metamorphosis, the mood of a woman, her appetite, her sexual desire, her general state of health changes. Among other things, the nature of cervical mucus is changing all the time.
Cervical mucus is a substance produced by the cervix and filling the cervical canal. Depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, it constantly changes its structure and consistency. At the beginning of the cycle, the cervical mucus is very thick and dense. It closes the cervical canal, preventing the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the interior. At this time, the woman does not notice any vaginal discharge, because of what the first days of the cycle are called "dry". In the following days, thick, dense, bunch-shaped fragmentary vaginal discharge is possible.
Then gradually the mucus begins to soften and with the approach of ovulation becomes more porous. In this way, nature cares about the future of conception, providing for this all the necessary conditions. Through the pores formed in the mucous armor, it is easier for spermatozoa to penetrate deep into the egg, which probably awaits them there. At the same time liquefied cervical mucus serves as a sieve: only the fastest, strong and healthy spermatozoa penetrate it. And due to the structure of slime, their advancement is greatly facilitated.
Along with the change in the viscosity of cervical mucus, its composition changes, as well as the vaginal environment. More precisely, the cervical mucus protects the spermatozoa with its alkali from the acidic environment of the vagina. Conditions are formed in which the spermatozoon does not die and can move quickly and easily to the intended goal.
All these processes occur under the guidance of hormones: in the first phase of the menstrual cycle, estrogen is administered, with the onset of ovulation, it reaches its maximum, and then progesterone is activated.
Thus, a few days before ovulation, a woman watches herself gain vaginal secretions, which become slightly sticky, viscous, then slippery and plentiful (there are traces on the underwear and a feeling of moisture in the vagina). This phenomenon can be considered as a sign of the onset of fertile days. The structure and appearance of the reminiscent of a raw egg white. If you squeeze this mucus between your fingers, it begins to stretch, like a thread. By the way, an experienced gynecologist by the same sign during the examination of the woman on the chair will immediately determine the approach of ovulation.
Bloody discharge during ovulation
However, many women observe blood spots during ovulation. Such a picture immediately scares them, prompting not very optimistic thoughts. Calm down, dear ladies, spotting during ovulation may well be a variant of the norm.
Judge for yourself: during the release of the egg there is a rupture of the walls of the follicle. In this case, microvessels burst, which, because of the increased blood supply to the ovary, contain a lot of blood before ovulation. If to all of them you are quite fragile, it is very likely that they are embedded in the mucus of bloody veins.
You can also observe spotting spotting on the day of ovulation and for several days after it. They are usually brownish in color (unlike scarlet menstrual).
Bloody discharge during ovulation is not an obstacle to the onset of pregnancy and does not present any danger at all. But in some cases, with regular repetition from cycle to cycle, they can be a sign of progesterone insufficiency. An experienced gynecologist will help resolve any doubts that arise about this.