Depression is a disease that causes symptoms such as despair, constant helplessness, anxiety, panic attacks of fear, etc. Unlike the usual feeling of sadness or lack of energy, manifestations of depression are much stronger and significantly affect the lifestyle, working capacity, health status not only of pregnant women, but also seemingly quite healthy people.
Unfortunately, it's very difficult to defeat depression without medication. That is why, after careful examination and revealing the cause of depression, specialists usually prescribe a course of antidepressant drugs that stop the manifestation of depression and allow you to get rid of this unpleasant condition. But, if you take antidepressants, in case of pregnancy or its planning, then you should definitely contact a specialist to adjust the dose of the drugs taken or replace them with more sparing.
The fact is that certain types of antidepressants cause less harm to the future baby than others. That's why, no expert can say with certainty that antidepressants are safe during pregnancy.
However, in fairness, it should be noted that if you ignore the manifestations of depression and do not take measures to eliminate it during pregnancy, it can cause significant harm to the health of not only the future mother, but also the intrauterine fetus. Moreover, a sharp rejection of antidepressant medication can trigger the return of symptoms, which is very dangerous for bearing a healthy child.
Naturally, to take antidepressants or not during pregnancy, can only tell the doctor, guided by the severity of the course of the disease.
We in today's publication will try to visually examine the positive and negative aspects of taking antidepressants during pregnancy.
Risk factors for taking antidepressants during pregnancy
As a rule, antidepressants are drugs that are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants. The effect of these drugs on fetal development has not yet been fully studied. However, that taking certain drugs in the first trimester of pregnancy can increase the risk of developing a baby's birth defects.
Also, the use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or tricyclic antidepressants can provoke the appearance of side effects that occur during the first few weeks of treatment. Side effects include upset stomach, lack of appetite, diarrhea, anxiety, decreased libido and headaches.
Admission of antidepressants in the third trimester of pregnancy is under constant supervision of a specialist. Moreover, after giving birth, your baby can be left for a while in the hospital to check the condition of the baby for the abolition of antidepressants. After all, after giving birth, the baby ceases to receive that dose of serotonin, which came in the womb and there may be a withdrawal syndrome. To be frightened in this case it is not necessary, as all signs pass for couple of days, but it is better, if you spend this time under sensitive supervision of the expert.
What happens if you do not treat depression during pregnancy?
Of course, there are risk factors for taking antidepressants during pregnancy, but if depression is not treated, it does very significant harm to both the mother and the baby. The fact is that, being in a constant depressed state, a pregnant woman can not fully take care of herself: to eat right, sleep, keep calm. In a state of depression, many pregnant women significantly increase the risk of premature birth or the birth of a child with underweight. In addition, in women, who during the depression refused treatment, as a rule, postpartum depression develops, which in turn significantly complicates the care of the child. At the same time, babies, who developed in utero during the depression period of the mother, after birth significantly slower develop, compared with other newborns.
It is very important to note that a sharp refusal to take antidepressants is unacceptable. Therefore, if you decide to abandon them, you should definitely consult with your doctor, and gradually reducing the dosage to stop taking medication.
Recall once again that treatment with antidepressants and rejection of them should only take place under the supervision of a doctor. Self-medication in this case can lead to disastrous results.
In conclusion, I would like to note, that in addition to taking antidepressants during pregnancy, there are other types of treatment for depression. This and the sessions of psychotherapy, and acupuncture, and light therapy, and hypnosis and other-other. However, in order to find your method of treatment, you should always consult a therapist.
Well, of course, do not give up and believe in success!