Arterial pressure is one of the most important parameters characterizing the functioning of the circulatory system.pits during pregnancy.
As a rule, in the first trimester of pregnancy hypotension (low blood pressure) is more often manifested. The main cause of hypotension in this period is the change in the hormonal background of the woman. Most symptoms of low blood pressure (drowsiness, dizziness, weakness) are manifested in the morning. Toxicosis can exacerbate the manifestations of hypotension.
A moderate decrease in pressure in the early stages is not dangerous for the future mother. However, pronounced hypotension during pregnancy can lead to placental insufficiency. Low blood pressure negatively affects the transportation of nutrients and oxygen, and therefore the child will experience their lack. Besides, hypotension during labor can lead to weakening of labor and postpartum hypotonic bleeding.
Another manifestation of the deviation from the norm of blood pressure is hypertension or hypertension. Usually, an increase in pressure is observed in the second half of pregnancy. This is due to the fact that the amount of blood in the body of a woman is gradually increasing and the heart is forced to contract more often to cope with the increasing burden.
Symptoms of high blood pressure can be headaches, heart palpitations, tinnitus, dizziness, blurred vision.
Excessive pressure increase in early pregnancy can lead to its spontaneous interruption. Also, hypertension can provoke a delay in fetal development, placental insufficiency, bleeding, chronic hypoxia, premature detachment of the placenta.
The most common violation of blood pressure during pregnancy is experienced by women who have problems with hypertension, kidneys, obesity and hormonal disorders.
It is best, of course, to prevent the possibility of such violations before pregnancy. However, even during pregnancy, you can successfully cope with vagaries of blood pressure. The most important rule is the constant control of pressure. As a rule, with the normal state of health of a pregnant woman, the pressure is measured once a week. If there are deviations from the norm, then such measurements should be made on a daily basis.
The methods for treating hypotension and hypertension are significantly different, so consider them separately.
Methods to combat hypotension
Often I use coffee to raise the pressure of a woman. However, during pregnancy this approach is extremely improper. The fact is that during this period you need to receive a sufficient amount of liquid, and coffee enhances its withdrawal from the body. Therefore, the best fight in your case will be a balanced diet, the use of enough simple water, a full sleep. In addition, normalize the pressure help: aqua aerobics, yoga for pregnant women, contrast shower, self-massage and massage.
In case of severe hypotension, your doctor may prescribe an additional medication that is safe for the fetus.
In any case, if you have an ailment, you should immediately contact a doctor who decides, which strategy should be used to normalize your condition.
Treatment of hypertension
If you have had high blood pressure before the pregnancy and you have taken any medications to normalize it, then be sure to inform the doctor about it. It should be remembered that some of the medicines that helped you before pregnancy can now be dangerous. Therefore, they will need to be replaced with safe drugs.
Many women face hypertension for the first time during pregnancy. In this case, moderate high blood pressure can be normalized by following some simple rules and recommendations:
- discard strong coffee and tea (black, green);
- Limit the use of salty and sour (the pressure is closely related to the proper functioning of the kidneys, which do not like salt);
- try to introduce in your diet a sufficient amount of plant food and animal protein (lean meat, for example, veal);
- observe the regime of work and rest;
- Avoid stressful situations;
- Try meditation or yoga for pregnant women;
- Take a hydrotherapy: swimming, dousing with cool water.
In the case of severe hypertension, doctors can hospitalize you or prescribe medications to reduce blood pressure. The basis of drugs to reduce hypertension in this case are fetal safe calcium channel blockers or adrenoblockers.
Avoidance of the consequences of jumps in blood pressure will help you control and timely assistance provided. Therefore do not hesitate to contact your doctor for any worsening of your condition. We wish you pregnancy without any blood pressure abnormalities!