In the first weeks of pregnancy this is called abortion, and starting from the 15th week - artificial birth. The baby by this time is already fully formed, he has only to grow & hellip;
Indications for artificial childbirth
Let's say right away, that according to human and state laws to conduct artificial births only at the request of a woman is forbidden! To this must be strict medical indications, in rare cases - social reasons. And artificial delivery should be carried out exclusively in a medical institution, where there is an operating and resuscitation department. And a woman must have a complete examination beforehand.
Artificial childbirth can be produced in cases where retention of pregnancy presents a greater risk to the mother and / or child than its interruption. And one of these is the development of the child's vices and anomalies that are incompatible with life. Nature is unfairly harsh, but, alas, we can not influence this. And if numerous examinations confirm a terrible diagnosis, a woman can cause births artificially.
In some cases, pregnancy may be incompatible with the life or health of the mother. For example, with the development of diabetes, serious cardiovascular diseases, acute preeclampsia, kidney or liver disorders, severe disorders of the central nervous system, etc. In each individual case, based on the status of women and medical indicators, the doctor can make a decision about the termination of pregnancy and premature delivery.
Calling artificial delivery is offered to women who, during pregnancy, developed rubella, syphilis, or pulmonary tuberculosis. The probability of developing pathologies and malformations in a child against the background of these infections is extremely high.
Also, the stimulation of labor is resorted to during pregnancy (after 41 weeks) or when amniotic fluid escapes, if after one day the labor activity does not start on its own. Such a decision can be made also if in the past a woman lost a child at a late pregnancy.
And most importantly, every woman whose destiny has prepared her for a difficult choice: artificial birth can be produced only with the consent of the mother, except for situations that threaten her life and require emergency intervention.
Methods of conducting artificial births
Artificial births can be produced in several ways, as a result of which the child either survives and needs care, or dies, and sometimes - long and painful. It all depends on the situation, the evidence and the reason.
Most often, artificial births are caused by prostaglandins, which soften the cervix and provoke contractions. To do this, the prostaglandin-containing preparations (gels, suppositories, tablets) are inserted deep into the vagina. To achieve the effect, you may need more than one drug administration. Stimulate labor activity is able and oxytocin, which is administered intravenously. These methods are usually used in late pregnancy, when it is necessary to give birth with the least risk for the baby. However, in this case, too, it is not reduced to zero: sometimes the cervix is ??opened very rapidly, which causes the child to lack oxygen, and it has to be "braked" with the help of other medicines.
Separation of amniotic membranes and puncture of amniotic bladder are not always highly effective and are associated with the development of complications, therefore, they are often used as auxiliary methods of stimulation of labor.
Cesarean section also refers to methods of artificial delivery. If it is produced in a short time (when the fetus is still unviable), it is called a small Caesarean section.
If the fate of the baby is predetermined in advance, and it does not live, then for the purpose of artificial delivery, drugs that kill the fetus in utero are used, after which the labor activity is provoked for its expulsion. But such methods are not always effective: often the baby is born alive - and it is killed.
In some cases, doctors resort to the expansion of the cervix with medical instruments with the suspension of the load. But this method is rather traumatic and fraught with complications, so it is not so popular and it is resorted to only in extreme cases.
There is another way to cause artificial birth, which is especially difficult to talk about. Doctors call it a salt or lollipop abortion. Salt, because for its implementation, a solution of salt is used, and lollipop, because the skin of the subsequently expelled fetus has a bright red color due to thinning (blood vessels on its surface protrude). This method is especially inhuman: as a result of the introduction of sodium chloride into the amniotic fluid, the child dies with a long painful death, while experiencing infernal pain. Fortunately, to him recently resorted more and more rarely, especially since children with this method do not die in 100% of cases, remaining subsequently disabled for life.
Interference in the natural process, of course, has its consequences. The least - a sharp violation of the hormonal background, requiring a long recovery. Also, in the process of artificial delivery, the organs of a woman can undergo severe traumatization, large blood loss and infection, blood infection and various inflammatory processes are possible. It is possible that in the future the woman will not be able to have any more children. However, in each individual situation, the risks are not the same.
If a woman has experienced artificial birth, she will have a long period of recovery. Then, if you want to re-become pregnant, the couple should undergo a thorough medical examination.