Pregnancy and allergy
Doctors explain that every woman can have different substances as allergens. Unfortunately, a genetic predisposition to an allergy can not be cured. It is only possible to eliminate signs accompanying it. But not in every case, the symptoms will indicate its occurrence. Nasal congestion, rhinitis, sneezing can appear in half of future mothers. And talk about allergic rhinitis is only when the trees and shrubs are in blossom.
Bronchial asthma is a more serious allergic disease. In itself, it is not a contraindication for the bearing of a child, but nevertheless the obstetrician-gynecologist should be informed of it necessarily to ensure proper control.
If we talk specifically about the effect of allergy on the fetus, then it does not represent a danger for intrauterine development. After all, allergens that affect the pregnant woman do not penetrate the baby through the placenta.
If the future mother is allergic, the predisposition of the baby to allergic diseases increases. With regard to the impact on him of the morbid state of the mother, the main thing is that for her treatment the doctor selects safe medications that do not reach him through the placenta. It is very important that a woman avoids contact with allergens in the first trimester of bearing a child. After all, it is during this period that systems and organs are laid for him. Therefore, the use of antihistamines is highly undesirable. We must try to eliminate all factors that can provoke an exacerbation of allergies.
Treatment and prevention of allergy in expectant mothers
If nevertheless its manifestations could not be avoided, it is necessary to see a doctor as soon as possible. He will prescribe a therapy that will not harm the future baby and his mother. Most drugs, traditionally used to eliminate allergic conditions, during pregnancy is contraindicated. This is Astemizol, Pipolphen, Dimedrol.
When a woman's condition is more than a presumed harm from medicines, Cetirizin, Claritin, and Feksadin are appointed. They are prescribed for future mothers only in the second or third trimesters. Tavegil is used very rarely.
In most cases, allergic women can not avoid taking medication. Then they need to be selected together with an allergist, while comparing the harm and benefit of taking medication.
If the future mother is prone to allergic reactions, then their prevention is very important. It is necessary first of all that a woman undergo an allergological test. Such a study helps to establish an allergen, develop a line of behavior if necessary.
If the future mother is prone to allergic reactions, then should adhere to the hypoallergenic diet. Its essence is to exclude from the menu seafood, nuts, honey, citrus fruits, marinades, smoked products, exotic fruits, carbonated drinks, sweets. Without fear, the future mother can introduce into the diet butter, sour-milk products, dietary meat in the form of rabbit, veal, turkey, chicken. Fruits and vegetables are recommended to use soft. Dietitians advise in the menu include buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, cabbage, zucchini, legumes, greens.
Vitamins B12 and C, pantothenic acid, zinc can serve as natural antihistamines in this period.
It is not superfluous to recall, that having predisposition to allergy women should part with bad habits, regularly conduct wet cleaning in the house, get rid of things that collect dust, as well as from pets.