Are there bleeding during pregnancy? Quite a frequent phenomenon in pregnancy - bleeding in its early stages. It occurs in more than 20% of women. And, as a rule, in half the cases passes by itself and does not indicate violations. But in the other half of the cases - bleeding is dangerous, because they can end and miscarriage. Signal of this is the appearance of dark blood clots.
In any case, if in the first trimester a woman has bloody discharge or bleeding, she must necessarily consult a doctor, but at the same time try not to panic, because the hassle is no less dangerous for the pregnant woman. The gynecologist should be sure to tell in detail about the color of the discharge, the nature of pain, intensity, whether there is a temperature and whether it is painful to go to the toilet.
If the doctor examined you and decided to put in a hospital - this again is not an excuse for the experience: perhaps he just wants to examine you in more detail.
Causes of bleeding during pregnancy
The causes of bleeding in early pregnancy can be as hormonal deficiencies (for example, the lack of some hormones), and ectopic pregnancy, and inflammation in the cervix. They may also appear due to implantation of the embryo into the cervix. By the way, in the latter case - a woman feels completely normal, the allocation of her - a pale pink hue.
Bloody discharge may appear after sexual intercourse: if there is irritation of the cervix and mucous membrane of the vagina. In this case, one should not be afraid: this type of bleeding is not terrible for a baby or a mother.
But there are more serious causes of bleeding. They are very dangerous for both mummy and baby.
First, the cause may be miscarriage. Most often, smearing spotting is accompanied by cramping pains in the lower abdomen. You can save pregnancy if you contact the doctor in time, but best of all - while there is a threat of termination of pregnancy, go to hospital to be under constant medical supervision. When a threat of miscarriage is recommended, bed rest, maximum peace of mind and the absence of any stress.
Secondly, spotting can also appear due to a bubble drift - a condition when the growth of placental tissue begins. Bleeding in such cases - abundant, but painless. In this case, scraping is carried out and the hormonal status is controlled for about half a year.
Another cause of bleeding is chromosomal abnormalities or other defects, which, unfortunately, are incompatible with the life of the fetus. Pregnancy in any case will result in spontaneous miscarriage. After a miscarriage, a woman must necessarily consult a doctor to prevent the development of posthemorrhagic shock. Usually, in such situations, diagnostic and therapeutic scraping of the uterus is done so that there are no leftovers of the fetal egg, placenta, and ruptured vessels. After - the woman will be examined to determine the real cause of miscarriage.
Bleeding can occur if a woman does not notice the miscarriage that occurred. In this case, after rejection of the fetal egg, after some time, bleeding starts, caused by the remains of the embryo and its membranes in the uterine cavity. To a doctor in such a situation is worth contact immediately! He urgently will make a curettage.
Ectopic pregnancy is also the cause of bleeding. This is a condition where pregnancy develops outside the uterine cavity. Most often occurs due to partial or complete obstruction of the fallopian tubes. Unfortunately, in this situation, as a rule, remove one tube and wash the abdominal cavity. If you do not consult a doctor in a timely manner, you may experience peritonitis.
Bleeding occurs in the case of a "frozen" pregnancy. A week after the intrauterine fetal death, spontaneous abortion will begin.
No less dangerous and bleeding later, because in the second and third trimester, bleeding is a clear indicator of pathology, becoming a threat to the life of the baby and the health of his mother. That's why it's worth very attentive to all the signals of your body.
The first cause of bleeding in the late term is placental abruption. In the risk group - women with multiple pregnancies, gestosis, abdominal injuries, hydramnios. In addition to bleeding (which in some cases may not occur), surely there will be severe pain all over the stomach. The condition of the fetus will sharply worsen, and so doctors in an emergency order will decide the issue of operative delivery. Precention of the placenta is also common: when it is located in the area of ??the internal pharynx of the cervical canal. Due to the fact that the wall of the uterus is thinning, there is a rupture of the blood vessels and bleeding begins. Its color is bright red. The kid does not suffer at the same time, but his mother's body is yes.
Bleeding may also occur due to erosion of the cervix, its fibroids, due to polyps of the cervical canal, or due to trauma to the genitals.
How to stop bleeding during pregnancy
Stop the uterine bleeding during pregnancy alone will not succeed. Even if there are hemostatic drugs at hand, the problem will not solve it. After all, the danger lies in the pathology as a whole, which caused bleeding, and not only in the fact of the discharge of blood.
In each case, the treatment will be different, which is due to the cause of bleeding and the condition of the woman. The priority of doctors is always the life of the future mother, and if she is not threatened, the child's life: he will certainly be tried to save.
Thus, when bloody discharge from the genital tract occurs during pregnancy, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. If the real bleeding started (the blood from the vagina is released in large quantities, and not in the form of smearing excretions, and has a bright red color), then without delay, without losing a minute, you should go straight to the hospital. If there is such an opportunity, it is better not to wait for the ambulance or taxi to arrive, but to go to the medical institution with your own car, saving time.
In some cases, the doctor may advise you on blood-resuscitating drugs as an emergency therapy. For example, if there is every reason to believe that pregnancy is threatened with a breakdown, and there is no opportunity to appear for a full-time examination with a doctor (for example, a woman is away from the village), you should contact the doctor by phone, after consulting. To stop uterine bleeding, Dicycin injections are often used. Also necessarily prescribed spasmolytic (No-shpa), sedative (valerian or motherwort), in some cases you may need a progesterone-containing drug.
The doctor will certainly prescribe his ward the bed rest, maximum physical (including sexual) and emotional rest. The woman needs to lie all the time, raising her legs to the hill. You can get up only at extreme distress, avoiding sudden movements and turns.
It is not uncommon for a person to stop a bleeding during pregnancy only by surgery. Nevertheless, the outcome is often more successful, with only one caveat: if a woman applies for professional help in a timely manner. Therefore, be responsible to yourself and your future baby - do not delay.
It is very often possible to prevent the discovery of bleeding if you recognize the signs of a threat of miscarriage at the very beginning and take the necessary measures. After all, often the onset of bleeding is preceded by a worsening of the condition of the pregnant woman, the appearance of characteristic pains, cuts and cramps of the uterus, which the woman clearly feels the tension and petrification of the lower abdomen. Any of these signs should be a reason to call a doctor.