Kidney and pregnancy
Obstetrical statistics say that renal ailments for the frequency of exacerbations in the period of gestation give way only to the cardiovascular. And this is not surprising. After all, the degree of burden on the kidneys increases substantially. The body really works for two, deducing wastes of vital activity of the child and mother. The longer the gestation period, the more intensively the main organ of the urinary system. And with an increase in the duration of the uterus creates an increasing pressure on the kidneys. After all, the fetus takes up a lot of space in the abdominal cavity, squeezing or pushing the surrounding organs.
Against the background of a decrease in immunity and hormonal fluctuations, kidney disease worsens. And if before pregnancy a woman had problems with the excretory system, then chances are great that now they will remind themselves of themselves again. But even if a woman had not experienced such difficulties before, then often bacteriuria can manifest itself during pregnancy for the first time. That is why the condition of the kidneys during the period of bearing a child requires special attention.
Why are pregnant women assigned ultrasound of the kidneys
Based on the above, there is often a need for research. Kidney ailments adversely affect the health of the future mother and the development of the child. It happens that kidney diseases, if left untreated, lead to intrauterine fetal fading, miscarriages, deterioration of development of the future kid.
Impaired kidney function in pregnant women leads to spasms of blood vessels that deliver blood to the baby's future.
Specialists on kidney disease (nephrologists) argue that, ideally, it would be necessary to conduct an ultrasound examination of the main organ of the urinary system to all future mothers. It enables you to accurately, and most importantly - safely, to determine the structure of the kidney tissue, its condition, to evaluate the course of metabolic processes, to identify possible violations in the work. If you still use the diagnosis of Doppler, you can check the blood flow and blood vessels. Nephrologists explain that often kidney diseases can be hidden, with little symptoms. Therefore, it is difficult to suspect a problem at an early stage.
However, many pregnant women are afraid and do not want to be exposed to excessive ultrasound. They prefer to do kidney ultrasound only according to the indications. In principle, gynecologists do not force pregnant women to do prophylactic ultrasound examinations of the kidneys. Doctors are guided by the indicators of laboratory tests. And if protein is found in urine, then this will be the reason to doubt the normal work of the genitourinary system.
But women also need to listen to their own feelings during pregnancy. Back pain, painful urination, swelling, burning in the area of ??the genital area, increased blood pressure - an occasion for examination of the kidneys.
On the safety of kidney ultrasound in pregnancy
This issue does not give rest to future mothers. Experts say, that ultrasonic waves do not penetrate deeply and do not cause harm to the fetus. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that no studies have been conducted on the effect of ultrasound on the fetus. But three times during the period of gestation a woman must undergo scheduled obstetric ultrasound. If such a study were harmful to the child, then doctors would not put pregnant women at risk.
Therefore, if suspicions of renal pathology, ultrasound is simply necessary. After all, this is a chance to identify and cure the disease in advance and prevent possible complications.
By the way, do not panic when a protein is found in the urine. Perhaps this is the result of non-compliance with the rules for collecting urine? Recross the analysis. It is likely that with the re-delivery in compliance with all necessary conditions, the protein will not be detected.