Briefly about endometriosis
This disease in gynecology occurs quite often. Under endometriosis, doctors mean a pathological process associated with the growth of the endometrium, that is, the mucous membrane of the uterus outside its cavity. Endometriosis is characterized by the appearance of a cyst in the ovaries, bladder, fallopian tubes. The disease is more likely to affect women of reproductive age (from 40 years). But often it occurs in young women who are just planning a pregnancy.
Timely diagnosis of endometriosis and its professional treatment are very important to support a woman's health.
Today in medicine there is no consensus on the causes of the abovementioned disease. But it is suggested that the development of endometriosis is facilitated by the physiological characteristics of the fallopian tubes, the genetic predisposition and weak immunity of the woman.
Symptoms of this disease in each woman manifest in their own way. It often happens that a woman generally does not experience any discomfort and signs of endometriosis. It can be detected only by a gynecologist when examined.
But the common symptoms of the disease can be pain in the pelvic region and severe pain during sexual intercourse, discharge from the mammary glands and pain with menstruation.
Pregnancy in endometriosis
The main danger of endometriosis is the inability of a woman to become pregnant. The reason for this is that she does not have a real ovulation. Therefore, endometriosis is considered a synonym for infertility. But this is a wrong judgment. With endometriosis, conception and pregnancy are possible. However, it is necessary to face such obstacles as abnormal ovarian structure, decreased patency of the fallopian tubes, complications in the release of the oocytes.
The likelihood of pregnancy significantly increases after the course of treatment. Planning a pregnancy doctors recommend a year after the end of the course of treatment. If the treatment is successful, then the pregnancy will come soon enough.
It so happens that a woman can not conceive a child for a year after the treatment course. Then you need to do an additional examination to identify other causes that interfere with the onset of pregnancy.
If, with a doctor's diagnosis of "endometriosis", pregnancy occurs, then there is a high risk of interruption. To support fetal development in this case it is possible hormonal. Minimized probability of miscarriage after placenta formation. Pregnant should be under the supervision of a doctor, strictly follow its prescriptions and recommendations. Endometriosis to the baby does not work, so do not worry about his condition.
Treatment of endometriosis
Treatment of endometriosis is recommended as early as possible. Methods of treatment depend on the age and stage of the disease, the localization of the disease, the presence of previous pregnancies.
Today, endometriosis is successfully treated without the use of surgical methods in the form of laparoscopy or laparotomy. If the disease is asymptomatic and has no external symptoms, then drug therapy is applied. The doctor prescribes hormonal and anti-inflammatory drugs, hormone therapy remains the main method of successful treatment of endometriosis.
Only a gynecologist can diagnose endometriosis. Usually it is revealed during examination, and then after the examination and interviewing of the woman this diagnosis is confirmed.
If we talk about ways to prevent endometriosis, then this is a regular visit to a gynecologist, timely treatment of inflammation and other gynecological diseases, and the analysis of hormones.