Many women painfully perceive such changes in the body and associate them with the onset of old age. And it is not surprising, because with climacteric there are significant changes that adversely affect their health and appearance:
- skin fades;
- often suffer from headaches;
- mood changes are inherent;
- the dream is broken.
But there is also a category of women who perceive "women's autumn" as a new stage in life. First, the absence of painful critical days. Secondly, you can engage in an intimate life without the use of contraception, without fearing an unplanned pregnancy.
But how true is this reasoning? Is unprotected sex safe at adulthood? Is it possible to become pregnant during this period? Let's discuss these issues together.
Menopause and conception: what is the probability?
Perhaps now the category of women who believe that getting pregnant during menopause is impossible, a little upset, because conception in this period is quite real, but under certain conditions. The first is the presence in the ovaries of the follicles, in which the egg is maturing. The second - the development of hormones, which are necessary for the formation of the yellow body and the preparation of the uterus for the subsequent adoption of the fetal egg.
With the advent of menopause, all the above conditions for the onset of pregnancy gradually disappear. Functionality of the ovaries decreases, production of hormones slows down, the stock of follicles becomes less and less. And, consequently, to conceive the baby is not possible. But there is one "but". The fact is that such a process has a gradual flow, that is, changes do not occur in one day. Many women who have crossed this period in life, know that the arrival of menopause can last for more than one year. Therefore, theoretically getting pregnant with menopause is entirely possible.
If pregnancy is not included in your plans, then be especially careful in the early menopause. According to medical research, this period occurs in women after 45 years of age. However, negative processes in the body or failures can affect this time line, as a result of which menopause can occur at the age of 37 to 40 years. Therefore, to prevent unwanted conception, doctors are recommended to protect themselves even when menopause occurs.
In addition, every woman should know that the symptoms of "female autumn" and pregnancy have much in common: dizziness, irregular critical days, poor health. Often, this similarity prevents time to notice signs of future motherhood. And besides, changes in the hormonal background negatively affect the veracity of the test.
Climax can be divided into several periods, which make it possible to determine the probability of conception:
- Premenopause. Characterized by a decrease in the functionality of the reproductive system, that is, the ovaries. But with all this they continue to work, which means that conception is possible.
- Perimenopause. A period that is characterized by the termination of the functionality of the reproductive system and can last about a year. If throughout this time (that is, within 12 months) there are no monthly discharges, then conception is impossible.
- Postmenopause. A period that is characterized by the end of menopause and the onset of menopause.
There are times when women give birth to babies at 40, 50 and even 60 years. But at the same time, when a pregnancy occurs during menopause, doctors are urged to have an abortion. And for this there are very good reasons.
The fact is that the functionality of internal organs and systems deteriorates with age. In addition, during this period, chronic illnesses are often exacerbated, which accumulated over all the years of life. Therefore, the bearing of a child in women during the menopause can be said to take place under extreme conditions. This, of course, adversely affects both the state of the mother herself, and the development of the future baby.
According to many experts, in women at the age of most often there is a defective development of the egg, which increases the risk of a child with such genetic pathologies, such as Down syndrome or cerebral palsy. But with such problems a woman can face at any age: in the childbearing period, and with menopause. Therefore, it is impossible to assert that such pathologies can arise only in mature "ladies". So the chances are 50% to 50%.
Pregnancy during the menopause makes a woman weigh the pros and cons. On the one hand - the recommendations of doctors about the abortion and prevention of many undesirable consequences of late conception. On the other hand, interruption of pregnancy can also have a number of negative consequences: severe bleeding and loss of blood, traumatization of the genital organs, the onset of inflammation.
In addition, it is much more difficult for a mature woman to bear a child, because for her organism this is a dangerous load. The social side of the issue, too, can not be left without due attention. Older mothers and fathers find it difficult enough to take care of a child and engage in his upbringing as he grows up. This applies not only to the financial side, but also to the physical abilities of parents aged.
To avoid being in such a situation and not making a difficult choice, lead a protected sexual life. At a menopause it is not necessary to relax, as to become pregnant it is quite real even with approach of a climax. Use contraceptives for at least two more years after the first signs of menopause appear.
On the other hand, the birth of a baby in a mature couple is not so bad. A small miracle can become for parents a new stage in life full of happiness and joy. Therefore only you decide, what choice for you will be the most correct.