Causes of infertility in men

The main causes of infertility in men

Modern medical statistics say that in almost half of all the failures in trying to conceive a child, the "guilty" are men.

In order for conception to take place, on the male side, it is necessary to ensure the delivery of a healthy healthy sperm to the female egg. Any obstacles or difficulties in the implementation of this mission and are the causes of infertility in men, which can be a great many.

Sperm Quality

The very first analysis, on which the man will be sent during this examination, there will be a spermogram. Without it, there simply is no sense in conducting further activities, for the quality and quantity of male sperm plays a leading role in the ability to conceive and is one of the most common causes of infertility in men. To realize the conception of a child, a sufficient amount of sperm with a certain concentration of full-fledged motile spermatozoa is needed. Many fertility impairments can be caused by multiple disorders of spermatogenesis:

  • oligospermia - insufficient sperm volume during ejaculation;
  • azoospermia - absence of sperm in sperm;
  • necrospermia - a decrease in the activity of spermatozoa, in sufficient quantity in the sperm;
  • asthenozoospermia - insufficient number of mobile spermatozoa in the ejaculate;
  • Oligozoospermia - low concentration of spermatozoa in the ejaculate;
  • teratozoospermia - increased concentration in the semen of abnormal spermatozoa with pathologies;
  • anejaculation - lack of normal ejaculation;

In addition to violations of the processes of sperm formation, the causes of male infertility may also be impaired secretory functions, due to which even good quality sperm can not be delivered to the destination. Violation of secretion is facilitated by abnormalities in the structure of male genital organs, as well as specific men's diseases and inflammatory processes.

Men's Diseases

The male sexual system is so well equipped that the development of one disease in the absence of timely and competent treatment quickly involves neighboring organs in the inflammatory process and leads to the development of another. Any of them can cause a decrease in male fertility and even infertility. The increased danger is represented by specific men's diseases (especially pathologies in the testicles), traumas of the testicles and perineum, as well as genitourinary infections and venereal diseases:

  • varicocele;
  • hydro-gel;
  • cryptorchidism;
  • oncogenesis;
  • prostatitis;
  • vesicles;
  • orchitis;
  • Chlamydia;
  • Trichomoniasis;
  • gonorrhea;
  • syphilis, etc.

It is quite logical that with the development of erectile dysfunction, there are problems with conception of children.

There is a big risk of infertility when a man was sick with viral mumps (popularly known as mumps). Hormonal disorders are important too.

In addition, the formation of infertility in a man can be affected by radiation and chemical radiation, the fission of certain medicines.


Undoubtedly, lifestyle, habits and even thinking can greatly affect male fertility. The risk of developing infertility in a man is increased if he often abuses alcohol, smokes or takes narcotic substances, consumes fatty and harmful food, malnutrition (the diet is unbalanced and poor), is overweight, leads a sedentary lifestyle, seldom has sex, is exposed to negative environmental factors, including regular overheating and hypothermia. Chronic stress, fatigue, exhaustion and nervous disorders, as well as a general decrease in the body's immune defenses, also do not benefit fertility.

Other causes of infertility in men

Finally, it is worth noting that very often the causes of infertility in men are combined, so we should talk about their complex. There are often cases when the cause of the inability to conceive a child can not be identified at all, then they talk about idiopathic infertility.

To the great regret, the so-called biological incompatibility of sexual partners, in which the female organism produces antibodies to the sperm of a particular man, is not excluded. But even this form of infertility today is not an obstacle to paternity. Medicine has moved far ahead - modern reproductive technologies can help to conceive and endure a child in the vast majority of all cases.

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