Causes of premature birth

The causes of premature birth

In our time, more women are at risk of having a baby prematurely. This is a serious test for a premature baby and his mother, because it is fraught with the discharge of amniotic fluid, a hemorrhage into the baby's brain, traumatizing the bones of the skull, rupture of the uterus in the mother.

What is the reason for such phenomena? We will try to understand further.

Firstly, it is an ischemic-cervical insufficiency, in other words, it is an incompetence of the cervix to retain a fetal egg.

Each birth is individual in nature. Therefore, it is better for pregnant women not to listen to the stories of their friends about how they gave birth to their children, because you will be completely different.

In our time, more women are at risk of having a baby prematurely. This is a serious test for a premature baby and his mother, because it is fraught with the discharge of amniotic fluid, a hemorrhage into the baby's brain, traumatizing the bones of the skull, rupture of the uterus in the mother.

What is the reason for such phenomena? We will try to understand further.

First, it is an isthmico-cervical insufficiency, in other words, it is the incompetence of the cervix to hold the fetal egg.

A number of factors lead to this state. Among them, cervical lesions that occurred during previous pregnancies or as a result of surgeries, gene defects (Randu-Osler syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos, Marfan, and others), genital infections, endocrine disorders, placenta previa.

Secondly, the uterine myoma can grow.

Thirdly, if you have found a malformation of the uterus, such as a bicornic uterus or the presence of an intrauterine partition.

Fourth, the cause of premature birth can be the presence of common infectious diseases of the mother. It's about influenza, viral hepatitis, rubella, chronic tonsillitis.

Fifthly, you need to be extremely careful in pregnancy, if there are heart defects, blood, liver, kidney disease, hypertension, diabetes.

In addition, the cause of premature birth can be and diseases such as adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism of the thyroid gland.

An alarming symptom for the premature appearance of a baby should be the appearance of puffiness not only on the legs, but on the abdomen and face. It can talk about late gestosis, which also serves as the reason for the birth of the child on earlier lines.

If you have a rhesus-conflict with a future child, you also need to be extremely cautious and observe the doctor all the time. Such a situation, when the mother of the Rh blood is negative, and the child has a positive, can lead to tragic consequences, if not taken some time in time.

Basically, all of the above reasons are medical, but they are further aggravated by factors such as:

  • alcohol consumption during pregnancy;
  • Drug use without consulting a doctor;
  • too fast weight gain;
  • improper nutrition;
  • physical activity.

Given all the possible causes of premature birth, doctors determine the so-called highest-risk group. This includes women under the age of 18 and those over 40 who have Rh-negative blood, suffering from chronic diseases, leading unprotected sex life.

The main symptom of premature birth is a periodic, not very severe pain in the lower back and in the lower abdomen. This is due to the increased tone of the uterus. If you contact the doctor in time, you can prevent them, but not always. Therefore, women in labor, especially those who are at risk, should be extremely cautious and prior to the 37th week, pay attention to the following symptoms - pain in the abdomen, fights, water leakage, spotting. In this case, you should immediately contact a specialist. It is also recommended to take sedative tincture, 2-3 tablets No-shpy and lie down to rest.

After the arrival of the doctor decides what to do next. This will depend on the length of the pregnancy and the condition of the pregnant woman. Most likely, it is necessary to go to the hospital for preservation.

Take care of yourself and give birth to a healthy baby!

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