When is Ceftriaxone needed?
Ceftriaxone is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the third generation of the cephalosporin series, which has a disastrous effect on aerobic, anaerobic, gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. A good drug is that it "kills" even those harmful microorganisms that have managed to "adapt" to other antibiotics (for example, to penicillins).
The spectrum of ceftriaxone is very wide. They are recommended to treat the following diseases:
- infections of the abdominal cavity (peritonitis, inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract, biliary tract and others);
- urinary tract infections (pyelonephritis, for example);
- infections of the pelvic organs;
- infections of the genitals, including gonorrhea;
- skin and soft tissue infections;
- infections of bones and joints;
- bacterial meningitis;
- typhoid fever;
- Lyme disease (borreliosis);
- salmonellosis and salmonella;
- infected wounds and burns;
- infections of the upper and lower respiratory tract (especially pneumonia, lung abscess, pleural empyema).
No wonder the infection of the upper and lower divisions of the respiratory tract, we identified the latter, because, unfortunately, with more or less easy sores doctors prescribe such a powerful antibiotic. Especially inadmissible treatment, for example, sinusitis, Ceftriaxone during pregnancy. This medicine is prescribed extremely cautiously to any patient, and women in an "interesting situation" even more so.
How to take ceftriaxone during pregnancy?
If, nevertheless, the doctor has deemed it necessary to appoint you Ceftriaxone, then you must, first, require him to give detailed instructions on how to take the medicine, and, secondly, a proper explanation of why this particular medicine You need. The instruction to Ceftriaxon states that the use of the drug in pregnancy is possible only when the intended benefit to the mother exceeds the potential risk for the fetus, and only for the intended purpose and under the supervision of the doctor, since Ceftriaxone penetrates the placental barrier and it is impossible to determine its effect on the fetus .
Ceftriaxone is given intramuscularly or intravenously every 24 hours (if necessary every 12 hours), given that the maximum daily intake for adults is 4 g of active ingredient. The duration of treatment for pregnant women depends on the type, severity and course of the disease.
When is ceftriaxone contraindicated?
In pregnancy, Ceftriaxone is prescribed in extreme cases and only in the second and third trimesters. In the first trimester, the medicine should be abandoned. Contraindicated Ceftriaxone with increased sensitivity to cephalosporins, as well as with caution apply it for violations of kidney function. Mix Ceftriaxone with other antimicrobial agents in no case. If the patient has previously experienced increased sensitivity to the antibiotics of the penicillin series, then cephalosporin preparations can cause allergic reactions.
Like any antibacterial agent, Ceftriaxone has a number of side effects that are aggravated by accidental overdose, or prolonged use. Pregnancy is also a "condition" that can "awaken" unwanted reactions. Most often, with the reception of ceftriaxone, there are allergic reactions - urticaria, chills or fever, rash, itching, or even bronchospasm, eosinophilia, exudative erythema multiforme, serum sickness, anaphylactic shock. On the part of the digestive system may be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, flatulence, often there is a violation of taste, stomatitis, glossitis, dysbiosis. On the part of the hemopoietic system, although rare, anemia, leukopenia, leukocytosis, neutropenia, granulocytopenia, lymphopenia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, hypocoagulation. Headache, dizziness, nosebleeds, candidiasis, superinfection, phlebitis, soreness along the vein, soreness and infiltration at the site of intramuscular injection are also "delights" of the antibiotic.
We wish you good health and easy flow of sores, which still could not be avoided.