Briefly about the disease
This disease in the language of therapists sounds like intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnant women (VCB). It is a liver disease with a violation of the passage of bile through the bile ducts and the subsequent increase in the concentration of bile acids in the blood in the patient. The reasons for this phenomenon doctors call hormonal restructuring in the body of a woman, as well as heredity. If the parents of the future mother had problems with the liver, she herself faced them before conception, then during the gestation period, they can again make themselves felt. Also, the risk of intrahepatic cholestasis increases with multiple pregnancies. If the pathology has occurred in previous pregnancies, then in the subsequent chances of relapse are increased.
Signs of cholestasis of pregnant women
According to statistics, intrahepatic cholestasis develops in most cases in the third trimester of pregnancy. Most often it occurs in the cold season. A typical symptom of VCB, and sometimes the only one, is a strong itch of the zone of the feet and palms. In itself, the itching of different parts of the body during pregnancy is not uncommon. But with cholestasis, it is these parts of the body that are scratched. Sometimes itching can spread to the face and neck. It can be very intense, which negatively affects the dream and general condition of the future mother. It can itch right up to the formation of wounds.
If it is a matter of cholestasis of mild and moderate form in the third trimester of bearing a child, the itching stops several days after the birth. Then the work of the gallbladder and kidneys is normalized.
With severe disease in a pregnant woman, manifestations of other symptoms are also possible. They are similar to the signs of jaundice. This is nausea, darkening of the urine, yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin, whitish feces, vomiting.
It is worth knowing that such a state is dangerous for the future baby. The risk of pathology is that labor can be premature. A baby can die in utero or in the first hours of his life. In such cases, the meconium will enter the amniotic fluid. For the woman herself, the danger of intrahepatic cholestasis is postpartum hemorrhage, and a strong one.
Diagnosis of pathology and treatment
In most cases, this diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory blood tests. Considering all the above risks, a woman is closely watched for such a woman. Specialists can advise her to give birth before the deadline, up to 37 weeks. In this case, women are prescribed medications that reduce the risk of complications of pregnancy. Medicamentous treatment consists in the intake of vitamin K, ursodeoxycholic acid, antacids.
As for the appointment of antihistamines to relieve the symptoms of itching, in this case they are ineffective. Yes, and such a drug load is extremely undesirable, it can cause negative effects. Therefore, antihistamines for intrahepatic cholestasis are not prescribed for pregnant women.
But compliance with the diet is an indispensable condition of treatment. A doctor recommends a woman to eat fractional, drink plenty of fluids. The basis of the diet should be fruits, cereals, vegetables. Vegetable products must be saturated with fiber and ascorbic acid. This salad, spinach, broccoli, citrus, tomatoes, Bulgarian pepper. Low-fat dairy products, black bread, fish are recommended. To the minimum, you need to reduce the number of animal products and fats. It is strictly forbidden to eat fatty meat, butter, mayonnaise, shop sauces, fried foods.
As for the liquid, in addition to pure filtered water, you need to drink broths of berries, fruits, herbal teas, rose hips, freshly squeezed grapefruit juice. You can not drink coffee, green tea.
To relieve the symptoms of itching, doctors advise you to apply ice to your hands and feet. It slows the blood flow - and thus the itching calms down.