Most often, the causes of complications are various pathogenic microbes that are found in every organism. After childbirth, when there is a significant loss of blood and anemia, the defenses of the body decrease and inflammation may occur. In addition, in the postpartum period, a woman can have infections that are sexually transmitted. These are gonococcal, chlamydia, mycoplasma and others.
Infection in the body of a woman who has given birth can live for a long time, hitting the body from the inside. This is facilitated by anemia, disorders in the blood coagulation system, surgical interventions and other factors.
Let's talk about possible complications in more detail.
Postpartum endometritis (inflammation of the uterine cavity)
Such complications most often appear after cesarean section, with prolonged anhydrous time intervals during labor (more than twelve hours), in women who have had many abortions in the past, and who had the birth due to inflammatory diseases on the background of sexual infections.
Among the symptoms is an increase in body temperature to 38 А C. C or 40 А C. C for the first seven days after delivery, pain in the lower abdomen, secretions from the genital tract for more than 14 days remain bright or dark brown with an unpleasant odor. In addition, the uterus is poorly contracted. There is also a general intoxication of the body.
If there is a threat of postpartum endometritis, antibiotics should be prescribed immediately.
Chorioamnionitis (inflammation of the amniotic membranes)
Inflammation of the amniotic membranes is possible with the rupture of the membranes due to the large anhydrous interval in childbirth.
Even during childbirth, body temperature rises, chills appear, and pussy discharge from the genital tract. It is also possible to increase the heart rate. According to statistics, chorioamnionitis passes into postpartum endometritis in 20% of women.
To prevent this from happening, the medical staff must constantly follow the vital organs of the woman during childbirth
Postpartum mastitis (inflammation of the breast) and lactostasis (milk congestion)
Inflammation of the breast occurs mainly in primiparous women, approximately 2-5% of cases. The disease often develops in the first month after childbirth. It is a disease of those who breastfeed. Among the symptoms is an increase in body temperature to 38, 5-39 А C. With, pains in a mammary gland, reddenings, expressing of milk occurs very painfully and does not give result - the pain does not stop.
With lactostasis - the symptoms are the same, but after pumping everything goes away.
For prevention purposes, it is necessary to eat right in pregnancy, and the idea to use the correct technique of breastfeeding. But this can not be 100% protected from postpartum mastitis, if you have a hereditary predisposition, foci of purulent infection in the body. Besides, an important factor can serve as anatomical features of nipples and mastopathy.
Postpartum pyelonephritis (infectious-inflammatory lesion of the kidneys)
Appears as a result of exacerbation of chronic pyelonephritis. Among the symptoms is an increase in body temperature to 40 А C. With, a pain in a side, a cold fit, a morbid urination.
With all these diseases, the most important thing is prevention and early diagnosis. Watch your own health, both before and after childbirth!