Briefly about fetal hypoxia
Hypoxia of the fetus is called lack of oxygen in the process of development and birth of a child. Its deficiency in cells, tissues, organs arises for a number of reasons. It should be recalled that the body of the mother and the child is a single whole. And if it's bad for mom, then it's bad for the child. And vice versa. Therefore, fetal hypoxia is a complex process, which is based on pathologies in the body of a future mother.
What are the causes of the resulting deficiency of oxygen in the fetus? There are many, but the most common cause is the anemia of a pregnant woman. It arises from the shortage of blood cells in the blood, resulting in a decrease in the normal level of hemoglobin and the inability to transport oxygen in the blood. Another reason for the hypoxia of the fetus is cardiovascular disease. This is natural: if there are failures in the system responsible for the blood supply, then they also affect the transportation of oxygen by blood. Diseases and anomalies of the broncho-pulmonary system are also a serious threat to the future mother and her child.
It is also important to pay attention to the infection of the fetus, which can result from the circulation of infection in the body of a pregnant woman. It causes anomalies in fetal development, including hypoxia.
You can detect the deficiency of oxygen in the fetus on ultrasound. As a rule, in the conclusion, premature ripening of the placenta will be indicated. Also, hypoxia is diagnosed by the results of dopplerography and cardiotocography.
What is the danger of hypoxia for the fetus?
Oxygen deficiency in the womb is acute or developing. Very often this phenomenon becomes noticeable during childbirth. But hypoxia is possible in the course of the entire pregnancy, with the apogee reaching the time of delivery. This signals violations in the work of mother's organs and systems.
If we talk about the effects of fetal hypoxia in the early stages of pregnancy, it can be a wrong bookmark and development of the organs, systems of the child, the delay of its intrauterine development. In some, the worst cases, the consequence of fetal hypoxia may be his death, spontaneous miscarriage.
If the fetal hypoxia is chronic (as happens with smokers and drinking moms), then already in the womb the child "starves" and becomes exhausted. Such newborns lag behind in development. For example, at 40 weeks of pregnancy a child can be born with a weight of 2 kg and will not be able to adapt to the environment by himself, that is, to breathe and keep body temperature.
In late pregnancy, fetal hypoxia is fraught with premature birth and anomalies in labor. The consequence may be the non-viability of the newborn, the defeat of his organs.
Consequences of hypoxia in childbirth
Hazardous consequences for the baby can have fetal hypoxia in childbirth. This is called acute hypoxia. Her reasons are multiple cord entanglement of the baby, an early detachment of the placenta and medical errors in childbirth. How severe are the consequences of generic hypoxia, you can accurately determine the Apgar scale. Evaluation is made to the child after birth. The smaller the exposed balls, the greater the likelihood of the occurrence of neurological disorders. These include psycho-speech delays, deviations in mental and physical development, as well as hyperactivity of the child.
That is why it is very important at the first stages of pregnancy and signs of hypoxia to see a doctor right away so that he has the opportunity to observe changes, the course of pregnancy and identify pathologies as early as possible. This will help to avoid the dangerous consequences listed above for the newborn.
Prevention of hypoxia of the future child is also a healthy lifestyle, rational nutrition, a sufficient stay of a future mother in the open air, her calm, timely visit to the women's consultation and early diagnosis of diseases.