Causes of constipation after childbirth
In order to successfully eliminate postpartum constipation, it is necessary to establish the cause of its constipation. Doctors distinguish 2 main reasons for stool retention in women in the postpartum period:
- Physiological. Under the influence of multiple changes, which were subjected to the body of women during pregnancy, the muscles of the perineum and the abdominal can be quite stretched and weakened. The intestine can also be displaced, peristalsis may be disturbed. Because of this, normal evacuation of the intestine becomes difficult and even completely impossible. The cause of constipation can serve as an elongated large intestine, an improper diet and even hormonal fluctuations in the body of a woman. With weakening of the muscles, atonic constipation develops - the chair has the shape of a dense cylinder at the beginning of the defecation, which is thinned and diluted at the end and can even contain mucus or blood. The woman feels tired, feels pain, discomfort, a feeling of heaviness in the intestines, nausea, apathy, the formation of gases.
- Psychological. It is mainly due to a woman's fear of divergence. Doctors do not recommend pushing for 4 weeks after childbirth, and this can serve as a prerequisite for the development of constipation. In addition, the regime of the newly mum is changing, life priorities, there are new concerns, thoughts, worries. Lack of sleep and fatigue also play an important role.
Against the backdrop of psychological and nervous experiences, the so-called spastic constipation develops most often - while the muscles spasmodize and stay in tonus. At the same time, the chair looks like sheep - in the form of dense solid spherical lumps. A woman becomes nervous and irritable, there is no appetite, spastic abdominal pains (mainly on the left), nausea may occur. With frequent urge to the toilet, the excrement practically does not occur.
How to deal with constipation after childbirth?
Based on the reason why constipation has developed, the doctor must develop an individual treatment regimen. And she does not prescribe medications at all. The drugs should be treated last, if no other methods help, and you need to start with the safest.
Do not try to treat constipation medications by yourself. Even homeopathic remedies may not be safe for you now. In particular, all laxatives are addictive, so they should be used only as a last resort, dosed and only under the supervision of a doctor. Phytotherapy can provoke severe allergic reactions in a child, if you are breastfeeding, so it is better at the first stage to give up any treatment. Especially beware of preparations based on horse chestnut - it stops the production of milk.
The same can be said about the enema - abusing it is very dangerous, so leave it for an emergency. Unless laxative candles will not do much harm, but only if you do not suffer from hemorrhoids and do not have anal fissures.
The basis for treating constipation after childbirth should be proper nutrition and motor activity. If constipation is associated with muscle weakness, focus on strengthening them. If the stool delay is caused by psychological factors - pay attention to the normalization of the nervous system and general relaxation of the body. But in general, one should approach the solution of the problem in a complex manner and act simultaneously in all directions. And this is not so difficult.
First of all, properly organize your nutritional regimen and diet. Forget about losing weight - now the priority is the baby's health and your own. Do not overeat, but you can not starve. You will lose weight gradually, and soon you will be able to return to the old forms. Later, if necessary, attach special efforts to this. However, now it is necessary to eat fully and correctly.
There are many bans on food after childbirth, but everything needs to be approached intelligently. Doctors put rather rigid restrictions, however each mom independently gropes the side of the allowed. Consider that everything you eat will fall into the baby along with breast milk. Therefore, allergenic and heavy products (causing gas formation, as well as fried foods) should still be abandoned. On industrial chemistry and do not say.
Build your menu on the basis of easy safe laxatives: oatmeal, muesli, vegetable oil, fresh vegetables and fruits (zucchini, broccoli, pumpkin, spinach, carrots, lettuce, pumpkin, apricots, apples, melon). Eat also other cereals (buckwheat, millet, pearl), but not rice. Also, exclude from the diet white bread and bakery products, semolina, croutons and biscuits, nuts, legumes, hard cheeses, pears, quinces, strawberries, blueberries and currants, strong tea or coffee and other foods and drinks that can be hardened and hard to digest .
Sour-milk products are desirable for constipation. Drink plenty of liquid - clean water, compotes of dried fruits, berries of gooseberry or cherries.
Set your sleep and rest. Despite the fact that the worries you now have increased and do not always manage to get enough sleep at night, you just have to gain strength and relax. It is also important to lead an active lifestyle. Gymnastics, yoga, pilates, aerobics will only benefit. Daily walks in the fresh air are mandatory not only for the newborn, but also for his mother.
And learn to relax. It can be massage, bath, contrast shower, breathing techniques, aromatherapy and other methods - the main thing is to help.
Do not rush to resort to medication, be calm and happy, do not starve, get enough sleep, it's nice to get tired of an active lifestyle - and constipation will recede!