Causes of detachment of the fetal egg
From such an unpleasant phenomenon even strong and healthy women are insured. The cause of miscarriage at an early age is the detachment of the fetal egg. To be precise, this is the first stage of a self-abortion. When the fetal egg is rejected from the chorion, a wound is formed as a consequence of vascular damage. Blood accumulates behind the fetal membrane, there is a hematoma. Specialists call it retrochorial. Such a hematoma may increase. And this contributes to the detachment of the fetal egg even more. In the end, if nothing is done, then rejection will be complete - and the fetal egg will die (the pregnancy will be interrupted). But timely medical intervention in most cases can stop this negative process. Why specifically occurs the rejection of the fetus, it is difficult to say. However, there are common causes that contribute to a beginning miscarriage. Among them:
- Hormonal disorders, and in most cases - a deficiency of progesterone in the female body.
- Stress or emotional upheaval.
- Frequent or excessive physical activity.
- Pathologies of development and structure of the uterus.
- Gynecological diseases, tumors.
- Recent infectious and viral diseases.
- Rhesus-conflict pregnancy.
- The existence of abortions in the past.
- Abuse of alcohol.
- Negative household, production, environmental factors.
Signs of detachment of the fetal egg
Unfortunately, it is impossible to foresee this negative phenomenon. This can happen to any pregnant woman. Therefore, in the early stages, one must be very attentive to the state of the organism and react to the slightest changes in it.
In most cases, the possible abortion of the fetus is indicated by pains in the lower abdomen. They are pulling, reminiscent of the condition with menstruation. Pain given in the lower back, may be accompanied by smearing spotting. In such situations, a woman should immediately go to the hospital. With detachment of the placenta, the traces on the underwear can be brownish, yellowish. Sometimes their brown color indicates that the hematoma is already beginning to resolve, but repeated tearing is not ruled out. As a rule, the detachment of the fetal egg is diagnosed on ultrasound.
There is an opinion that such a phenomenon serves as a natural selection. And if the fruit is full, strong, then it will survive without medical assistance. Perhaps even such that in the process of development of the detachment will occur more than once. But in the end, a healthy fetal egg is firmly fixed in the uterus, successfully developing. Yes, not all women fall for preservation, when there are signs of detachment. But obstetrician-gynecologists warn that without treatment the risk of termination of pregnancy is very high.
How to treat the pathology
Lie on the preservation - this recommendation is given by gynecologists to women who want to save pregnancy. If there is no such desire, then they have the right to refuse hospitalization. The main recommendation for the future mother, who is placed in a hospital, is the preservation of complete rest. That is, it is compliance with bed rest. Even lifting small weights is forbidden to her. The abdominal wall of the woman should be in absolute rest, after all at performance of any actions she strains, vibration is created - and intraabdominal pressure amplifies. This leads the uterus to tone and speeds up the detachment.
To ensure the outflow of blood from the pelvic organs, it is recommended to put a small pillow, a roller, under the buttocks. Active peristalsis of the intestine is also a danger. Therefore, the future mother should follow a sparing diet. Sexual contacts are strictly prohibited.
A woman is prescribed hemostatic drugs, soothing, vitamins. Among the hormonal agents, Dufaston or Utrozhestan is preferred.