What is fetal distress and its causes
Distress syndrome refers to baby's oxygen starvation, and in other words - hypoxia. The lack of oxygen provokes the development of violations of many systems of life of the child, as well as late miscarriage or premature onset of labor. Of the organs, the heart, the brain and the kidneys often suffers.
Oxygen deficiency is distinguished by the time of detection: intrauterine, which manifests itself during pregnancy, and the birth that occurs immediately at the time of the appearance of the baby.
The reasons that lead to insufficient provision of fetus with oxygen during the gestation period can be dramatically different. Often, the emergence of hypoxia lead to chronic or severe diseases of the pregnant woman, such as hypertension, rheumatism, diabetes mellitus, heart failure, cirrhosis, viral hepatitis and anemia. No less often, the problem develops as a result of a woman's various bad habits.
Moreover, the development of a distress syndrome in the course of labor can occur when uterine bleeding is discovered with placental abruption, and also when the baby is born much earlier than the expected date. Quite often, future mothers can not give birth on their own even after the water has gone, and doctors are forced to carry out a number of manipulations that promote the activation of uterine contractions. As you know, all this takes a lot of time, and the child can not stay in the womb for a long time without amniotic fluid, therefore distress develops.
It is important to understand that prolonged hypoxia carries a threat to the life and health of a newborn baby, it requires medical supervision, treatment and prevention. Huge importance in preventing this trouble is compliance with pregnant medical recommendations, regular visits to a doctor and the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle.
If pregnancy progressed well and smoothly, the risk of the appearance of oxygen starvation in the baby at the time of labor is significantly reduced, but still present. In this case, one should count on the competence of the doctor, who will be able to recognize it and take the necessary measures. If there is a lack of oxygen in the fetus (and this is manifested by a violation of his heartbeat rhythm) in the first stage of labor, in order to alleviate the condition, the medical staff is forced to resort to Caesarean section. If acute hypoxia has already begun in the second stage of labor, the doctor may decide to impose obstetrical forceps or a vacuum extractor.
What is so dangerous oxygen deficiency for the child?
Like any violation of the health of the fetus during delivery, the lack of oxygen has its consequences, and they are generally disappointing. This diagnosis negatively affects the condition and functioning of virtually all systems and organs of the newborn. But the most serious blow is applied to the central nervous, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Due to such abnormalities, the child may experience a delay in development and adaptation after birth.
In severe cases, the newly mummy and her baby should be in the clinic for a certain time under the close supervision of the medical staff. Children who suffered oxygen starvation, introduce special medications that eliminate the negative consequences of such a serious problem. Only after the condition of the baby's organism is normalized, it may be a question of discharge.
The distress syndrome occurs in almost 20 percent of women in childbirth. And not all of the children who suffered it suffer from negative consequences and have any health problems. Timely detection, prevention, as well as elimination of possible causes will help mitigate, and even negate the aggressive effects of hypoxia.
According to many experts, the observance by a woman during pregnancy of all the rules of behavior and recommendations for future mothers is the key to the birth of a healthy baby and the absence of such problems as oxygen starvation. For this, it is worth paying attention not only to physical health, but also to the emotional state of a woman. Therefore, it is extremely important to take care of a good mood, mental balance, lack of stress for the sake of a full life of the baby.
Thus, future mothers should be extremely cautious about their own health even during pregnancy. A special role in this is played by proper nutrition and refusal to drink alcohol and tobacco products. But if it happened that the doctor reported a disappointing diagnosis, then there is no need to panic, as the medical staff will do everything possible to ensure that the baby quickly recovered.