Prolactin - a hormone of pregnancy
The hormone prolactin, produced mainly by the pituitary gland, can not even be called secondary. He plays a very important role, participates in the work of many systems of the body, first of all, reproductive. If prolactin in a woman's blood rises significantly - a hormonal failure occurs, which leads to unpleasant consequences, namely, to infertility. Women with elevated levels of prolactin always have irregularities in the menstrual cycle.
Normally, the level of prolactin rises if pregnancy has come, and also during lactation. If a woman is intensely engaged in sports, then the level of this hormone in her blood will also be increased. Prolactin can increase for a short period from the stress experienced or after positive emotions, as well as as a result of sexual intercourse.
Mark doctors and pathological causes of prolactin in the blood. These include various diseases, including thyroid disease, liver cirrhosis, kidney failure, polycystic ovary syndrome), as well as pituitary tumors.
In nonpregnant women with elevated prolactin, the following symptoms are noted: menstrual irregularities (lean months, anovulation), colostrum or milk from the breast, infertility, excessive hair and even libido.
What is dostinex?
Dostinex is a medical product that is prescribed to women in order to reduce the level of prolactin produced. Active substance dostinex - cabergoline, inactive - leucine and lactose. Produce the drug in the form of tablets at 0. 5 mg each. Total in the package - 8 tablets. You can buy this medicine only in pharmacies and prescription.
There is progress in blocking the production of this hormone, which, in turn, contributes to the normal and timely maturation of follicles in the ovaries and restores the menstrual cycle. All this leads to the fact that in the body of a woman there is a normal ovulation.
Decrease in the level of prolactin occurs on average after 3 hours after a single dose of dostinex. The drug lasts from 7 to 28 days. Absorbed dostineks from the digestive tract quickly.
In what quantities are dostinex taken?
Only one (maximum two) is taken once a week. At the first time the dose is equal to 0, 5-1 tablet of the drug. If dostineks is well tolerated, but the therapeutic effect is not yet achieved, the dose is gradually increased. In the case of hyperprolactinemia (an increased amount of the prolactin hormone in the blood), the maximum dose of the drug should not exceed 4, 5 mg per week. After the beginning of treatment, a woman should monitor the level of this hormone in the body every month, for which it is necessary to take appropriate tests. As a rule, the rates come to normal within 2-4 weeks after the beginning of admission dostineksa.
Side effects of dostinex
As a rule, the patient tolerates the drug well. If the drug is used to normalize the level of prolactin, then there are possible "pobochki" like headache and dizziness, nausea, constipation, abdominal pain, gastritis, dyspeptic phenomena, general weakness. Also, the breasts become supersensitive and painful, the patient can become depressed, feel hot flashes to the face, suffer from low blood pressure. However, all these signs are rarely expressed strongly. As a rule, they are weak and pass fairly quickly. Especially often, side effects occur at the very beginning of treatment - in the first two weeks. By the way, if you lower the dosage, the symptoms will disappear. Gradually, the amount of medication taken can be raised again to the original dose. If you cancel dostineksa absolutely all symptoms disappear after one or two days (but you can do this only with the consent of the attending physician and in no case should one engage in arbitrariness!).
Dostinex and pregnancy
Are these two concepts compatible? This question worries many women, since it often happens that conception occurs on the background of treatment by dostinex. Then the future mother has a natural question: does the drug harm the tiny embryo and should it be canceled altogether?
The answer will be as follows: dostinex and pregnancy are absolutely incompatible. Since many women with increased amounts of prolactin and, as a consequence, hormone infertility begin treatment with the goal of preparing the body for pregnancy. By the method of dostineks they try to substantially reduce prolactin, and, if pregnancy has come, then it is absolutely impossible to do this. After all, prolactin is the main hormone of pregnancy, preserving and supporting it. Therefore, as soon as a woman learned about the fact that a new life was born under her heart, you should immediately inform your doctor-gynecologist and stop taking the drug. Moreover, women planning a pregnancy are advised to wait for one month after the end of treatment and only then to realize their dream. This is due to the fact that the drug is withdrawn for a very long time from the body, and the influence of cabergoline (active active substance dostinex) on the developing fetus is highly undesirable.