What is ovarian dysfunction, and what symptoms may indicate its presence?
If a woman's menstrual cycle is normal, then her duration is 28-31 days. Of these, 3-7 days - the duration of menstruation, and 21-30 days - the interval between them. On average, the body of a woman loses 50-100 milliliters of blood for one menses. If a woman has at least one deviation from this rate, then doctors talk about dysfunction of the ovaries, that is, a violation of their hormonal function.
The very concept of "dysfunction of the ovaries" is not a disease. This is a consequence of certain diseases. The true "companions" of dysfunction of the ovaries are endometriosis, mastopathy, uterine myoma, infertility. This especially applies to women, whose age exceeds 40 years. Disorders of the hormonal functions of the ovaries can be a signal about an ectopic pregnancy or a tumor disease. Hence the natural conclusion that with age, every woman is simply obliged to lead a menstrual calendar and regularly visit a gynecologist. If the marks on the calendar indicate a shift in one direction or another - this is a serious reason to contact a specialist. But you can not ignore the symptoms of dysfunction.
Of the bright symptoms of dysfunction of the ovaries - the pulling pains in the lower abdomen both before and during menstruation. Sometimes the pain is strong - "acute" - and spreads throughout the stomach. Many women before the onset of menstruation, there is general weakness, lethargy, apathy. The body temperature may increase, palpitation may increase, dizziness may appear. Women can be extremely irritable and aggressive or, conversely, whiny. In the case of prolonged and profuse bleeding, signs of anemia appear.
Signs of dysfunction of the ovaries can pass by themselves, but not for long. If the disease that led to this condition is not treated properly, the symptoms will return after a certain time.
Dysfunction of the ovaries - a signal that with the body "something is wrong" and therefore urgently need to see a doctor.
Causes of ovarian dysfunction
There are a lot of reasons that cause similar hormonal disorders. Among them - congenital and acquired defects of the ovaries, various endocrine diseases, diseases of female genital organs (in particular inflammatory processes in the ovaries and fallopian tubes, adenomyosis, endometriosis, ovarian tumors, uterine fibroids, cervical and uterine carcinomas), stresses and neuroses, shift "from the correct position of the intrauterine device, abortion, other natural and physical factors. Among diseases of the endocrine system is worth noting diabetes, obesity, thyroid and adrenal diseases. All these diseases cause a hormonal imbalance, which directly affects the reproductive sphere.
If we talk about abortion, it is worth noting that it is especially dangerous to artificially interrupt the first pregnancy. As a result of abrupt termination and termination of the processes occurring in the organism of the future mother, changes occur that often result in stable ovarian dysfunction and, consequently, increase the risk of infertility.
Sometimes non-observance of personal hygiene rules also causes the development of this condition. If the intestine of a woman is infected, then the infection can spread through the blood vessels to the ovaries.
An ophthalmic dysfunction can be suspected by a gynecologist at the next examination. It is better if it is not just a gynecologist, but a gynecologist-endocrinologist. First, the specialist should exclude surgical pathology (for example, tubal pregnancy or ovarian cysts), carefully study the woman's menstrual calendar, listen to the patient's complaints.
The diagnosis can be made by ultrasound, histological examination of scrapings, analysis (microscopy, seeding on the flora of the genital tract, PCR).
You can also establish dysfunction of the ovaries by examining:
- hormonal background by taking urine and blood from the vein;
- condition of the pituitary gland, brain, endometrium (inner layer of the uterus).
What kind of examination will be assigned in each case - depends on the symptoms. But all women should be informed: if there are even the slightest suspicions of dysfunction of the ovaries, t should consult a specialist.
How to treat ovarian dysfunction in women?
If the diagnosis is established 100%, the doctor makes a treatment regimen. For this, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the diseases that led to this condition. Treatment can be based both on hormonal therapy, and on anti-inflammatory, resorptive, immunomodulating, antibacterial and antiviral methods. In some cases, physiotherapeutic and sanatorium treatment, the intake of vitamins and sometimes sedatives will be recommended. All the actions of doctors in such situations are aimed at eliminating the causes of dysfunction of the ovaries, and recovery of the menstrual cycle.
Women who have ever struggled with ovarian dysfunction can not use an intrauterine device as a contraceptive.
Ovarian dysfunction: is pregnancy possible?
After the course of treatment and restoration of the menstrual cycle, pregnancy in such women is quite possible. True, these women are more carefully observed during all nine months of waiting for the baby. Also, they prescribed medication for hormonal support.
If you do not treat dysfunction, the chances of success are negligible. First of all, this is due to the fact that with ovarian dysfunction, there is no ovulation. And without ovulation, pregnancy is absolutely impossible. For those who do not know what that word means, let's say briefly: ovulation is the process of the release of the mature (ready for fertilization) ovule from the follicle. And if the egg is not ripened, then there is nothing to fertilize. Therefore, long-term treatment and stimulation of ovulation with the help of special hormonal preparations "shines" for those who want to get pregnant on the background of dysfunction of the ovaries.
However, nothing in life can compare with the joy of motherhood! And therefore, any actions, even long and sometimes tiresome, are fully justified and will pay off with interest when an ordinary woman becomes a woman-mother and when she clearly realizes that the center of her universe is now in a cot.
Be healthy and let it all work out!