Endometriosis in pregnancy

Endometrium in pregnancy - the norm, thickness, deviation (hyperplasia, hypoplasia, endometriosis)

One of the most important roles in the first days after fertilization is the endometrium.

Pregnancy is a period of prosperity and expectation of a miracle in the life of every woman. But this is also an extremely important part of our life. That is why it is very important to learn how to feel your body, be with him on "you" and understand how our internal mechanism is arranged long before conception.

One of the most important roles in the first days after fertilization is the endometrium. Endometrium is a kind of bed, litter in the uterus. It fetuses the fetal part of the placenta (doctors call it chorion), which provides nutrition and fetal fetal breathing. Endometrium, unlike the placenta, is present in the body of a woman always - during each menstrual cycle its layer grows, creases, glandular structures are formed in it. Structurally, the endometrium is a hormonally sensitive tissue that becomes thicker in the last phase of the menstrual cycle, becomes richer in the glands and, accordingly, begins an abundant blood supply. This is how the body prepares for implantation of the embryo. If fertilization does not occur, the overgrown endometrium is simply rejected during critical days. If conception is successful, it becomes a bed for the germinating fetus, grows in it, changes, feeds mother's blood vessels. The rejection of the endometrium is hindered by the hormonal processes that take place in the body of the future mother.

Endometrium is a very complex system of the body, which consists of a great many components: the integumentary and glandular epithelium, the stroma, the basic substance, the blood vessels. The epithelial component of the endometrium forms secretory and ciliary cells and a little more - argyrophilic cells. Stroma consists of fibroblast-like, histiocytes and labrocytes. There are also in the own layer and crypts - uterine glands - they are long curved simple tubular glands that open into the lumen of the uterus.

The main mission of the endometrium during pregnancy is to create the most comfortable conditions for the implantation of the blastocyst in the uterus. The future mummy in the endometrium significantly increases the number of glands and blood vessels, which terminate in lakes, into which the mother's blood flowing around the chorionic villus flows. This is an important factor, because the growth of the vessels of the endometrium layer is a part of the placenta, which carries the oxygen and nutrients to the embryo.

Often a woman is observed so called endometriosis - a process of proliferation of endometrioid tissue. Usually manifested itself during menstruation with severe pain in the lower abdomen, during lovemaking and blood discharge even before the onset of critical days. The disease is serious enough, as it often leads to infertility.

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