Excess weight during pregnancy

Excess weight during pregnancy is the norm and effective ways to lose weight

Where does the overweight come from?

There may be several reasons for this. Overeating is one of the most common. In our brain there is a special center - the hypothalamus, which regulates the feeling of hunger. When a person begins to over-eat systematically, the hypothalamus fails. As a consequence, the body needs all large portions to saturate. If we do not exhaust all energy, produced as a result of food consumption, fat deposits will begin to accumulate. Lack of mobility is the second reason leading to obesity. In this, the genetic predisposition or disturbances of the endocrine system can also be "blamed".

Optimal weight gain

The optimal weight gain for pregnancy is 9-15 kg. If a woman suffers from excess weight, the allowable increase should not exceed 10 kg, and for obesity - not more than 6 kg. If the weight gain is more than 1000 g per week (or for two weeks you are absolutely not heavier) - you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition to unwanted obesity (or other problems), it can talk about In this, the genetic predisposition or disturbances of the endocrine system can also be "blamed".

Optimal weight gain

The optimal weight gain for pregnancy is 9-15 kg. If a woman suffers from excess weight, the allowable increase should not exceed 10 kg, and for obesity - not more than 6 kg. If the weight gain is more than 1000 g per week (or for two weeks you are absolutely not heavier) - you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition to unwanted obesity (or other problems), it can talk about In this, the genetic predisposition or disturbances of the endocrine system can also be "blamed".

Optimal weight gain

The optimal weight gain for pregnancy is 9-15 kg. If a woman suffers from excess weight, the allowable increase should not exceed 10 kg, and for obesity - not more than 6 kg. If the weight gain is more than 1000 g per week (or for two weeks you are absolutely not heavier) - you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition to unwanted obesity (or other problems), it can talk about and for obesity - not more than 6 kg. If the weight gain is more than 1000 g per week (or for two weeks you are absolutely not heavier) - you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition to unwanted obesity (or other problems), it can talk about and for obesity - not more than 6 kg. If the weight gain is more than 1000 g per week (or for two weeks you are absolutely not heavier) - you need to inform the doctor about it. In addition to unwanted obesity (or other problems), it can talk aboutaccumulation of excess fluid, which leads to oxygen starvation of the fetus.

If you break the increase in weight in stages, then in the first trimester it will be about 1500 grams, in the second trimester - 5000 grams and in the third trimester - 4000 grams. But the rate of kilograms is very individual - consider this. Deviation from the optimal weight of several kilograms absolutely does not threaten neither you nor the baby.

However, there are groups of pregnant women who can not count independently and take any action. These include:

  • women with excess weight (the number of calories consumed should be less).
  • Women with a serious lack of weight, which need more calories.
  • Young mothers, which are themselves growing and especially need good nutrition.
  • Women who wear more than one fruit should add 300 calories per unit.

Why is excess weight dangerous during pregnancy?

For the expectant mother

  • causes diseases of the cardiovascular and central nervous system, as well as disruption of endocrine functions
  • varicose veins
  • the load on the spine and internal organs increases
  • the development of a number of diseases: hypertension, diabetes, preeclampsia (toxicosis of late pregnancy), hypercoagulability
  • there is a threat of miscarriage or premature birth
  • there may be an indication for an emergency cesarean section
  • if necessary, cesarean section is more difficult to perform
  • complications during childbirth: increased blood loss, urinary tract infections and damage to the baby's shoulders during vaginal delivery
  • complicates postnatal rehabilitation
  • Urinary tract infections may develop
  • Miscarriage or overdose of pregnancy
  • Premature release of amniotic fluid
  • Birth of a child with a large body weight d) delay in fetal development

For a child

  • disproportion forward to the pelvis and the head of the child
  • anoxia
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • risk of developing neurological diseases up to convulsive syndrome and heart disease
  • difficulties in assessing the condition and development of the fetus during pregnancy due to a large layer of fat
  • tendency to gain excess weight

What should I do?

1. The most important thing is to balance nutrition. Pregnancy is perhaps the most favorable period to learn to eat right. The basis of the diet should be fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as steamed. Try to eat as little fried as possible.

If you are overweight - you should reduce the amount of calories consumed, but not more than 10%. Remember, fat is needed for the developing fetus. Among products containing fats, pregnant women are recommended cheeses, sour cream or cream, whole milk, ice cream, yogurt, peanut butter, white sauce, eggs, avocado, light turkey meat or chicken without skin, salmon, tuna, vegetable and butter, margarine, mayonnaise. But pyshechkam better to eat lean meat and low-fat dairy products. Refined simple carbohydrates (contained in white baking, white rice, refined flour, syrups, sweets) are replaced with complex unrefined carbohydrates (contained in whole grain bread, brown rice, vegetables, dried beans and peas, hot potatoes in uniform).

Remember that salt provokes fluid retention in the body, so it will be appropriate to limit its amount.

Eat often, but in small portions. You can drink a glass of water before each meal. You should know that sharp, salty, dishes, broths excite appetite, and confectionery, sweets, sweet fruits are quickly absorbed and digested - try to limit their consumption, and it is better to exclude altogether.

Be careful with the chocolate. In addition to excess calories, it saturates the body with caffeine, which complicates the digestibility of iron, folic acid and calcium. The same goes for coffee and tea.

In no case you can not starve! To go to extremes is completely useless - the main thing is to learn how to control your weight. In addition to the threat of miscarriage, starvation is fraught with such undesirable consequences as the child's small weight (which threatens with physical and psychological problems). Inadequate nutrition during pregnancy can damage the brain and metabolize the baby.

If you suffer from toxicosis - you can not refuse to eat. Eat something that does not make you sick, often in small portions, so as not to provoke nausea again. Hunger will only intensify unpleasant feelings. And try to balance nutrition - this is most often the cause of toxicosis.

Be sure to follow the rules of rational nutrition during pregnancy - regardless of the presence of extra pounds!

2. Medical gymnastics will only benefit you! In addition to the destruction of excess calories, it will have a beneficial effect on your general well-being and perfectly prepare you for the upcoming birth, and will also facilitate postnatal rehabilitation. The complex of exercises should be designed taking into account the period of pregnancy and the degree of obesity. But be careful. For various reasons, the physical load may be contraindicated to you - be sure to consult your doctor. In this case, you will benefit from long walks in the fresh air. And half an hour of daily walking (continuously, fast enough) will only be useful!

3. Control your weight. On sale there are many different scales, allowing you to track all the necessary indicators. Weigh yourself daily in the morning immediately after sleep and in the evening before. Do not forget that weight changes are also associated with fetal growth. You can build a special growth chart for your baby for greater visibility of the process.

The pregnancy of a woman suffering from excess weight may not be different from the course of pregnancy of all other women. Adhere to these recommendations. After all, such changes will go to you and your baby only to the benefit! And in any case, do not worry again!

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