After ovulation occurs, the egg becomes fertile. Time for a man and a woman to conceive a child abound.
Spermatozoa, getting into the female body, usually live up to five days. The female body allocates five favorable days before ovulation and 15 hours after it. Therefore, it is on these days that the probability of pregnancy is greatest.
The most fortunate day for conception, we can say the peak, win-win, is the day of ovulation.
In order to accurately determine the right day, a woman can draw up her own individual conception chart.
Individual child conception chart
What is required for this?
Take a convenient calendar, in which you can make graphical and color changes.
Now it's time to apply knowledge and all information about the menstrual cycle. Such data are necessary for the exact calculation of favorable days.
To start the calculation:
- write the date of the first day of the last menstruation;
- Indicate the length of your menstrual cycle;
- Indicate how many days the month lasts.
For example, the menstrual cycle is 28 days. The duration of menstruation is 6 days. The first day of the month is November 24th. It is believed that with a 28-day cycle, ovulation occurs on day 14-16. Count from the first day of monthly 14 and 16 and mark these dates on the calendar (in our example they fall on December 7 and 9). To these days you add 5 more days, and it will turn out that the most favorable for conception will be the days from 7 to 14 December. The error in the calculations can be plus or minus 2-3 days.
Basal temperature measurement
The most well-known method for determining favorable days for conception is baseline temperature measurement. And the most amazing thing is that with the help of this method one can generally learn much about the state of one's body - in fact, independently undergo a survey. However, we advise you to refrain from the temptation to unprofessionally diagnose yourself and even more so to prescribe a treatment.
Basal temperature is the body temperature at rest, during the monthly cycle it changes under the influence of various hormones in the female body.
The data of the basal temperature graph will allow to know:
- the moment of maturation of the egg;
- the expected moment of ovulation;
- how the endocrine system works;
- Whether there are gynecological problems;
- the exact schedule of the menstrual cycle, the onset of menstruation;
- confirm the fact of pregnancy.
What is needed? Medical thermometer. The ideal option is an electronic thermometer. In a few seconds, he will measure the temperature and he himself will let know about this characteristic signal.
There are three ways to measure basal temperature: in the mouth, in the rectum, in the vagina. The most reliable result is obtained by measuring the temperature in the rectum.
For the process of measuring the basal temperature was successful, it is better to prepare everything from the evening. Find a place for the thermometer next to your bed. If you decide to use a mercury thermometer, be sure to follow the safety rules. Do not put it without the case, especially under the pillow, so that in the morning, half awake, it is accidental not to break it.
Having woken up, you can not get up - you should immediately measure the temperature when lying down. In order not to forget the result, try to immediately record the testimony in a notebook, which, like a thermometer, should be kept in a convenient, easily accessible place.
It is best to measure the temperature at the same time. Of course, there may be exceptions, for example, Sunday sleep often lasts longer, but in this case, make a note in the graph. Why do we need this accuracy? It's all about the state of the body. Every hour of sleep raises the basal temperature by 0, 1 degree.
The accuracy of determining the temperature depends on the "quality" of sleep. It must be continuous for three hours.
To build a graph, you need to remember how the abscissa and ordinate look. Draw the ordinate axis, mark the degrees (each cell means 0, 1 degree). The days of the menstrual cycle are placed on the abscissa axis. For notes, you can select a separate place. These can be records of the state of cervical mucus, various causes that affect the temperature: illness, stress, poor sleep, alcohol intake and others.
At each temperature level in the morning, put a point, and so throughout the whole cycle. Then connect all points with one line. To obtain an accurate measurement schedule, bAt a particular temperature, try to avoid by connecting points of the place "very high" or, conversely, "low" temperature, associated, according to your notes, with some negative events or influences.
The temperature graph of the past cycle is constructed. It has a direct bearing on the definition of ovulation. If you look closely at it, you can accurately note the decrease in the temperature curve during menstruation (the first phase). The day when it starts to decrease, as well as the overall duration of the process of lowering for each woman is individual. When the last days of menstruation occur, the temperature is equal to the level of the follicular phase of the cycle. This is a period of low temperatures. The temperature mark at such times corresponds to 36, 2-36, 5 degrees. These temperature indicators are affected by estrogens, which are allocated in large quantities.
The second phase, luteal, takes effect about 14 days before the month and is a phase of higher temperatures. It is on the border between low and high temperatures that ovulation occurs. Ovulation is noted by lowering the temperature by 0, 1 degree, and then by a sharp rise. Usually, during ovulation, the temperature in the vagina and rectum decreases, sometimes even up to 36, 2-35, 9 C. It often happens that there is no decrease. Hence, the day of ovulation is the one that precedes the day when there was an increase in temperature. To be more precise in determining ovulation, compare all the signs, namely the marked basal temperature and the state of the cervical mucus.
At the onset of pregnancy, the temperature will stay at the level of 37, 1-37, 3 degrees. If the menstruation is to come, the day before the temperature drops.
General. The normal basal temperature graph is biphasic. The temperature in the 1st phase of the menstrual cycle is kept at the level of 36, 4-36, 7 C, however individual fluctuations are possible.
On the day that corresponds to ovulation, the temperature drops by 0, 3 C, and then rises by 0, 6 А for 1-2 days. C, in comparison with the 1-st phase. Elevated temperature should persist for 11-14 days. In the absence of ovulation, there is no formation of a yellow body, accordingly, progesterone is not produced and there is no increase in temperature.