The postpartum period is the first 6-8 weeks, which pass from the moment when the baby was born. This is a very important period in the life of a woman. Now she adapts to her new role. And both physically and psychologically.
Under special close attention of a doctor a woman is in the first 2-4 hours after delivery. This is the period when the most possible complications of the condition of the parturient woman. The most frequent of them - bleeding, fever, changes in blood pressure, etc.
It's no secret that after the birth, the woman's body undergoes major changes. For example, the metabolism slows down and the amount of certain hormones decreases drastically, which affects the increase in the fat layer and, in fact, the body weight.
In addition, from the physiology side the following changes are observed.
- An hour or two later, after birth, the pulse becomes less frequent, which until this point has been rapid.
- The changes in the cardiovascular system that occurred for the normal functioning of the body during pregnancy disappear for 2-3 weeks.
- The volume of the body's plasma decreases by one liter.
- The woman's uterus decreases in size and weight. On the second or third day after the birth of the baby, the woman feels the heaviness and tension in the uterus. First, when a baby is breastfed, the woman feels contractions, as the uterus contracts, as it were, "shrinks," shrinking in size and, thus, getting rid of the additional shells that formed during pregnancy. If immediately after birth, the weight of this organ is about a kilogram, then in 6-8 weeks - only 75 grams. During 2-3 weeks after delivery, the woman has bleeding, which is an absolute norm and gradually passes.
- A woman's breasts are especially vulnerable to changes. First, it actively produces colostrum, and on the second or third day - full milk, which is the best nutrition for a newborn baby. Now both for mother and baby, it is very important to establish breastfeeding. In some cases, the situation may be complicated by the development of postpartum mastitis. The very first sign of this unpleasant phenomenon is a tightness in the chest. With each hour, the compaction increases, hardens, accompanied by severe pain, redness. In 98% of cases a woman experiences fever, chills, and poor health. In this situation, as well as the slightest manifestations of mastitis, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor. In especially severe cases (and mastitis progresses very quickly), antibiotics are prescribed. Sometimes you need surgeonsa physical intervention to purify the focus of pus, which has already begun to accumulate.
- The abdomen, or rather, the abdominal muscles during the first 6-7 days can ache a bit, like after heavy physical work. This is not strange, because during labor they had to work hard. A few days will pass and the pain will subside. After 6-8 weeks after uncomplicated births, a woman can begin to perform physical exercises in order to "tighten" the stomach.
- Some women after birth may have problems in order to go to the toilet "in a small way." And it is necessary to do this as soon as possible. If a woman at that time is not capable of performing urination on her own, she is put a catheter to drain urine or give the necessary medications. In another category of women, especially with regard to repeatedly giving birth, can be directly opposite problem - incontinence. In this case, after some time, it is useful for them to do "internal gymnastics", that is, practice Kegel exercises.
- Some women after birth experience such an unpleasant phenomenon as hemorrhoids. It is an extension of the veins of the lower part of the intestine in the anus. In this case, you need to see a doctor. He will prescribe adequate treatment. From the "home" methods in the case of hemorrhoids, you can advise the use of sedentary baths with the addition of herbal infusions. Also, a woman needs to monitor the diet so that it does not cause constipation.
- It should also be noted that in the postpartum period there are changes from the bone skeleton. The spine, bones, pelvis, joints of the lower extremities during the bearing of the baby succumbed to a serious load. For example, the thoracic part of the spine straightened, the lumbar flexure intensified, the chest expanded, the ribs lifted, and so on. Now everything is back to its proper place. Finally, it must be said that the change in the hormonal state after childbirth leads to the fact that a woman begins to lose hair, brittle nails, the skin becomes dry.
If you just have to give birth, and the above information to some extent made you worry, we hasten to reassure you. All described conditions are temporary, and pass very quickly. Nature is wise, and thought it through. So be calm, tune in to a positive outcome, and then everything will be fine for you and your baby. Easy for you childbirth and happy motherhood!