What does the head presentation of the fetus mean
First of all, we note that the head presentation is the most optimal option for placing your future baby in the uterus. It is characterized by the turning of the baby's head to the inner throat of the cervix. With this presentation of the baby, the largest part of the body - the head - moves along the mother's birth path first. This makes it possible without difficulty and quickly following her to give birth to the shoulders, the torso of the baby and his legs.
You should know that before the 30th week of pregnancy, the position of the fetus in the mother's womb may change. But closer to the appointed term of childbirth in most women (97%) the child takes the headache.
Usually after 34 weeks it is already stable and unchanged.
Types of fetal head presentation
The frontal presentation of the fetus has several types, depending on the position of the child's head. This is an anterior, frontal, facial and occipital head previa.
Among the above species, the most optimal obstetrician-gynecologists consider occipital presentation. With this version of the presentation of the fetus during the movement by the birth canals, the baby's neck is bent so that the child's head, facing forward, appears first to the light. Thus, about 95% of all births occur. This is considered an ideal option for presentation and delivery.
But there are also options for extensor insertion of the head. The first degree of extension of the head is an anterolateral presentation. In this case, during the expulsion of the fetus, a large fontanel on the baby's head becomes a wire point. The probability of injury in this situation is higher than with the occipital version. Childbirth in this case is protracted and it becomes necessary to prevent hypoxia of the fetus.
The second degree of extension of the head is the frontal presentation. It is characterized by the fact that the forehead through the birth canal is the forehead, which is lowered below the other parts of the child's head. With this version of the head presentation, births are naturally impossible. Therefore, a woman is given a cesarean section.
The third degree of extension of the head - facial preface. In this variant, the chin of the child serves as the leading point. That is, the head emerges from the birth canal back to the back. In this case, natural births are possible, if the woman's pelvis allows or the fetus has a small size. However, facial presentation is most often considered an indication for a caesarean section.
The reasons for the different presentations of the fetus may be the presence of a small pelvis in the mummy, and anomalies in the structure of the uterus, and uterine fibroids, placenta previa, and polyhydramnios.
Exercises for the fetal head presentation
Specialists have developed exercises for the fetal head presentation. They need to be performed starting from the 32nd week of pregnancy:
- Lay down sideways on a flat sofa. Be in this position for 10 minutes. Turn over to the other side and spend as much time on the second side. This simple exercise must be done three times a day. And to sleep pregnant is better on that side to which the head of the future child is inclined.
- Stand on your knees and lean against your elbows. In this knee-elbow position, you need to be 15-20 minutes. This position is recommended to take twice a day.
- Swimming. This kind of sport perfectly stimulates the turn of the baby head down. And the suspended position of the child in the process of swimming mother influences his health.
When performing these exercises stimulates the motor activity of the baby. He gets more chances to take the head occipital presentation.
An important point! The above exercises can not be performed with scars on the uterus, placenta previa and late toxicosis. Be sure to consult with a gynecologist who observes you before starting classes.