Quite often such a diagnosis is put to women, several weeks after childbirth, when she turns to the doctor because of the pulling pains in the lower abdomen, a sense of heaviness in this area, sometimes the body temperature rises, and most importantly - suddenly stop postpartum selection. These are the symptoms of hematomas. But since not always a woman pays attention to them, then most often the hematometer is already "neglected".
What is it dangerous for the body? First, the uterus and its appendages become inflamed. If this is not cured in time, then the inflammation becomes purulent and everything can end with the removal of the entire uterus. Fortunately, this is extremely rare and the hematometer can be cured with drugs that increase the contractile activity of the uterus, and sometimes with the help of cleanliness, when the formed hematomas are scraped out with special tools under general anesthesia.
By the way, if we talk about the hematometer that occurs in the first weeks after birth, this pathology in medicine is called the lychiometer, since the discharge after birth is called lochia. The hematometer, as such, does not occur immediately after delivery, most often it is one of the complications of abortion, or other female sores (endometriosis, metroendometritis).
The hematometer is easily preventable, and this is within the power of every woman. All that is required of you is to observe the postpartum secretions. As already mentioned, they are called lochia (in their composition, plasma and blood elements, mucus from the cervix and depleted epithelium, as well as the remains of the placenta). Naturally, all this should flow out of the uterus. And if for some reason the lochia linger in the body, the consequences can be deplorable.
What can you do to make the uterus actively cut back and push out the lochia? First, breastfeed the baby (it is during this period that the uterus decreases most actively and the discharge is most abundant). Secondly, often go to the toilet and empty the bladder (a full bladder prevents uterine contraction). Thirdly, it is often to lie on your stomach or put an ice pack on it (when lying on your stomach, the outflow of excretions improves, and with cold compresses - improve the contraction of muscles and vessels of the uterus).
You should remember that if your birth was complicated (multi-prenatal pregnancy, large fetus, mild labor, manual detachment, hypotonic bleeding), then in the postpartum period you will need Oxytocin, which will improve uterine contractions Since these pathologies of labor contribute to the appearance of hematomas.
Please note that postpartum discharge should not be too abundant or even disappear within a few days after delivery. And in the first and second cases you should immediately consult a doctor.
Even if you are diagnosed with a hematoma, you should not despair, because this condition is curable. Postnatal cleansing, which everyone is so afraid of, with a hematometer is not always necessary. As already mentioned, it is treated most often with antispasmodics. And only in the case when the hematometer is "joined" by inflammation, prescribe antibiotics.