Hemoglobin in pregnancy

Hemoglobin in pregnancy - normal, high and low

Hemoglobin is an integral part of erythrocytes, it is responsible for the circulation of oxygen in the blood from the respiratory organs to the tissues. In addition, hemoglobin also transfers carbon dioxide from the tissues to the respiratory system.

The concentration of hemoglobin in the blood of a person plays not the last diagnostic role: according to this indicator, the doctor can judge the well-being of the patient's body condition. And during pregnancy, the level of hemoglobin becomes even more important.

Norm of hemoglobin during pregnancy

In a healthy person, the hemoglobin level should be 120-140 g / l. However, during pregnancy, it can naturally decrease: the blood liquefies, its volumes considerably increase, and so on, which leads to a decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin in it. In a word, his blood level may fluctuate, which is normal for pregnant women. Specialists provide the following figures for the quantitative norm of hemoglobin for pregnant women:

  • in the first trimester - 112-160 g / l;
  • in the second trimester - 108-144 g / l;
  • in the third trimester - 100-140 g / l.

Gynecologists and obstetricians recommend that all newly-conceived pregnant women planning to conceive women take care of preventing hemoglobin reduction in the blood during the period of gestation / li>

  • in the third trimester - 100-140 g / l.
  • Gynecologists and obstetricians recommend that all newly-conceived pregnant women planning to conceive women take care of preventing hemoglobin reduction in the blood during the period of gestation / li>

  • in the third trimester - 100-140 g / l.
  • Gynecologists and obstetricians recommend that all newly-conceived pregnant women planning to conceive women take care of preventing hemoglobin reduction in the blood during the period of gestationbecause at this time women often develop anemia.

    Much less happens when the level of hemoglobin in the blood of a future mother exceeds the permissible threshold.

    High hemoglobin

    It is not necessary that an elevated hemoglobin level is an alarming sign. Sometimes in pregnant women this happens in the first trimester and then goes on independently, when the fetus starts actively withdrawing from the mother's body the resources necessary for its growth and development. Also, one should not worry if the increase in this indicator is insignificant and is observed only once. It will be useful to know that high physical activity and intensive intake of rarefied air into the body (as, for example, at inhabitants of high-mountain areas) promotes natural increase of a level of hemoglobin in blood. But sometimes this trend is associated with a maternal illness.

    Increased hemoglobin may indicate a lack of certain substances in the body of a pregnant woman, in particular vitamins B9 (folic acid) and B12. The latter may simply not be assimilated due to disruption of the work of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

    High hemoglobin may be a symptom of a kidney, heart, bowel or stomach disease. Although, it is possible, this is a hereditary feature of the woman's body.

    This condition is a risk factor for the formation of thrombi, which during pregnancy is highly undesirable. Also, because of the thickening of blood at a high level of hemoglobin, it is not able to circulate normally in blood vessels, because of which oxygen and nutrients may not reach the fetus in the right amount. So the doctor, most likely, will advise the pregnant woman to walk more on fresh air, to correct the food ration and a drinking mode.

    An increased level of hemoglobin is said when it exceeds the index of 150-160 g / l. However, the concentration of hemoglobin during pregnancy decreases more often.

    Low hemoglobin

    Very often, hemoglobin in pregnant women decreases slightly towards the end of the second, by the beginning of the third trimester - this is normal. But if you notice that the level begins to decline before the 24th week of pregnancy, then this indicates anemia. There are many reasons for this phenomenon: lack of iron, zinc, folic acid, copper, as well as dysbiosis and nervous stress.

    About development in pregnant anemia, doctors say if the hemoglobin level in her blood drops below 110 g / l. Most often, pregnant women develop iron deficiency anemia, provoked by insufficient intake into the body or insufficient own iron reserve. Approximately half of all pregnant women have a lower hemoglobin level.

    Depending on its concentration, several degrees of iron deficiency anemia are distinguished:

    • 110-90 g / l - mild degree of anemia;
    • 90-80 g / l - anemia of moderate severity;
    • 70 g / l and lower is a severe form of anemia.

    A low level of hemoglobin leads to lethargy, a constant feeling of fatigue and a decrease in emotional tone. Further worse - there is shortness of breath, tachycardia, muscle hypotension, decreased appetite, indigestion. In addition, stomatitis, fragility of hair and nails, dry skin, frequent respiratory diseases are possible. All these signs and phenomena indicate a lack of iron in the body. It is very important for a pregnant woman to replenish this deficit, the faster. After all, not only she, but her future child, suffers afterwards. A lowered level of hemoglobin can provoke the development of early toxicosis and late gestosis, premature onset of labor, and also often causes the baby to not receive oxygen, which is why intrauterine hypoxia develops, and after birth, the infant may experience difficulties in the work of the respiratory system and have insufficient body weight.

    Products that increase hemoglobin during pregnancy

    To adjust the hemoglobin level in the blood, consult a doctor: let him prescribe iron-containing medications to correct hemoglobin levels. But it is best to fill the deficit with proper nutrition, especially since there are a lot of products that raise the hemoglobin level:

    1. Among meat products: heart, kidneys, fish, poultry, tongue, white chicken meat;
    2. Among cereals and cereals: buckwheat, beans, lentils, peas, rye;
    3. Among vegetables and greens: fresh tomatoes, potatoes, onions, pumpkin, beets, watercress, dandelion leaves, spinach, parsley greens;
    4. Among the fruits: apples red or green, plums, persimmons, bananas, pomegranates, pears, peaches, apricots, quinces.
    5. Among berries: black currant and cranberries, strawberries, blueberries;
    6. Among the juices: pomegranate (no more than two sips daily), beet, carrot, apple juice with high iron content.
    7. In addition, perfectly raise the level of hemoglobin walnuts, caviar black and red, seafood, black chocolate, dried mushrooms, dried fruits and hematogen.

    To achieve the result, do not forget about walks in the fresh air, constantly do breathing exercises and gymnastics.

    Finally I would like to add a few rules for the correct assimilation of food, that it would bring the maximum benefit to the body.

    First, remember that iron is best absorbed if you consume with it foods that are rich in vitamin C, for example, along with fruit and vegetable juices. To do this, better porridge, which you eat for breakfast to pour orange juice or, for example, cutlets, which you eat for lunch, pour tomato juice.

    Secondly, do not use black tea, it interferes with the proper absorption of iron. It is better to replace this tea with green.

    Third, during pregnancy, do not use the liver, because it has a lot of vitamins A and D. It is possible to overdose these vitamins.

    In addition, limit the use of pomegranate juice, because it can provoke constipation.

    In any case, do not overdo it, because excess iron is also undesirable, as is its deficit.

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