However, everything is not so hopeless, because for a long time of struggle with hemorrhoids medicine has accumulated a considerable arsenal of drugs for its treatment.
What is hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a disease that occurs as a result of blood overflow of venous plexuses (cavernous bodies) located in the anus. Such expanded, altered veins are called hemorrhoidal nodes.
Depending on the causes of the disease, proctologists select primary and secondary hemorrhoids. Primary hemorrhoids arise because of an incorrect lifestyle and nutrition, heredity, as well as pregnancy and childbirth. Pregnant women often become victims of this unpleasant disease in the second half of pregnancy and this is due to the pressure exerted by the enlarged uterus on the hemorrhoidal venous plexus. The appearance of hemorrhoids in the postpartum period is explained by strong attempts and pressure of the fetal head on the vessels during childbirth.
Secondary hemorrhoids can result from cirrhosis of the liver, some severe cardiovascular diseases, various tumor processes that disrupt the blood flow in the veins of the pelvis.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids during pregnancy
As a rule, hemorrhoids develop gradually. Doctors distinguish several stages of this disease. The first stage is characterized by:
- manifestation of discomfort in the anus;
- soreness in the emptying of the intestine;
- minor bleeding;
- when examining hemorrhoids are visible, the rectal mucosa is inflamed.
In the second stage, the following symptoms are added to the listed symptoms:
- Drawing pains in the anal region (can give in the lower part of the waist and sacrum);
- loss of hemorrhoids.
In the third stage, all the painful sensations that accompanied the first and second are amplified, and the prolapse of the hemorrhoidal nodes requires manual repositioning.
The fourth stage is the most dangerous and can cause complications in the form of thromboses, severe pain in the anus and massive bleeding.
In order to prevent the development of the disease, a pregnant woman needs to monitor her state of health and at the first manifestations of discomfort immediately go to the doctor.
Than to treat a hemorrhoids at pregnancy?
The treatment of hemorrhoids should be approached individually, because in many ways it will depend on the stage of the disease and on its manifestation. At the initial stage, when a woman may even not even suspect about the development of hemorrhoids, it is possible to do with preventive methods: the normalization of regular stool, the correction of nutrition (aimed at improving intestinal motility), the increase in physical activity (if a sedentary lifestyle is conducted) . Do not forget about the hygiene of the anus: during pregnancy, this issue becomes particularly important, including the prevention of inflammatory processes in the veins of the anal region.
In general, the prevention of hemorrhoids should be dealt with every pregnant woman, then, most likely, and before the treatment does not come.
At the stage when the pregnant woman already feels obvious signs of hemorrhoids, without complex medication therapy will not do. Treatment of hemorrhoids in pregnant women is carried out mainly locally, because not only provides a quick relief of the condition, but it is also safe for the fetus. Combined ointments, creams, rectal suppositories are applied, which act immediately in several directions: they have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictive, laxative effect.
All preparations for the treatment of hemorrhoids during pregnancy should be selected and appointed specialist. And even more so, without medical assistance can not do at a late stage of the disease, when it is necessary to manually control the dropping hemorrhoids, and then - and surgical treatment. However, the decision on the timing of the operation is determined individually, depending on the severity of the course of the disease and possible complications. Today, doctors have the opportunity to carry out so-called small or bloodless operations:
- Sclerotherapy - the introduction of special sclerosing "gluing" walls of the site of the drug into the site;
- ligation - the node is jammed with a special latex ring, which causes rejection, dying of the node after 7-10 days;
- infrared photocoagulation and laser coagulation (laser exposure or high temperature on the base of the hemorrhoidal node at 3-5 points, at which a burn occurs, causing necrosis of the node with its subsequent falling off within 7-10 days).
If a woman's condition allows to avoid surgery during pregnancy, the doctor may decide to postpone the operation.
In general, the treatment of hemorrhoids is not limited only to the period of pregnancy. If the problem has arisen, during the carrying out of the child, the doctors will try to stop its development and remove the symptoms, and after the birth, they will have to deal with their health and go through complex treatment for hemorrhoids, as expected. However, often its insignificant manifestations with the birth of a baby disappear by themselves, as they appeared.
Folk remedies for hemorrhoids in pregnancy
Traditional medicine offers its own funds for the treatment of hemorrhoids. There are recipes that, according to the "practitioners", can be used in pregnancy. Many of them have been successfully tested by various women during the period of gestation, but all the same to the choice of a national remedy for hemorrhoids during pregnancy should be taken with all seriousness.
For taking in:
- Swallow the purified chives of the garlic passage and cauterize sores).
- Mix until a homogeneous mixture of 300 grams of minced in a meat grinder of prunes, raisins and dried apricots, as well as 200 g of natural honey. Take 1 tablespoon before the main meals.
- 2 tablespoons of Kalina berries pour 250 ml of water, bring to a boil and cook for half an hour on low heat. Then add water to the original amount, bring to a boil and remove from the plate. Take 1 tablespoon before the main meals.
- 1 tablespoon of the crushed leaves of the bricks, pour 250 ml of boiling water, cook on low heat for 10 minutes and remove from the plate. After cooling, strain and take 1 tablespoon 4 times a day.
- Freshly squeezed berries of ordinary mountain ash take 100 g 3 times a day, washed down with cold water. If necessary, you can sweeten.
- Make a strong decoction of onion peel and take a sessile bath for 5-8 days.
- You can also make baths from a decoction of chamomile or a solution of potassium permanganate.
2 tablespoons of flax seeds pour half a liter of boiling water and cook under the lid for 20 minutes. Allow to brew for an hour, strain and apply to the anus moistened in a decoction cotton swabs.
- Dip the swab into freshly squeezed celandine juice and insert into the anus every day before going to bed: first for 30 minutes, then for 45, then leave on 1 hour.
- Lubricate the washed and dried sheet of geranium with vegetable oil, roll "roll" and insert into the anus, leaving for the night. Repeat the procedure for 7 days.
- Make from raw potatoes "withuppository "and insert into the anus, first making an enema out of the water.
Once again we focus your attention on the fact that pregnancy is not a time for experiments. Even folk methods of treatment may not be safe, so you must first agree with your doctor.
For example, viburnum during pregnancy causes a tone of the uterus, and the bath can cause infection in the vagina. Cauterization of garlic in general terribly sound. So here it is better to perebdet.
Preventing hemorrhoids during pregnancy
And yet we return to the main thing: you will not need any treatment if you do not allow the development of hemorrhoids.
A very important point in the prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids is getting rid of constipation and normalizing the work of the intestine. This is promoted by a diet that includes fruits and vegetables (broccoli, corn, carrots, ripe apples, beets, cauliflower, potatoes, raisins, prunes, dried apricots), honey and porridges (pearl and oat). Exclude from the diet fatty meat, high-calorie dairy products, buns, alcoholic beverages, spicy, spicy, salted, pickled dishes.
The next stage in the prevention of the disease can be therapeutic exercise (morning exercises), which improves the function of the large intestine and reduces stagnant phenomena in the veins of the pelvis. It is also recommended several times a day for 10-15 minutes to lie on your back with an upstanding pelvis (for example, on a low pillow).
Avoid long walks and long work in a sitting and standing position. Avoid hypothermia.