Of all the known forms of viral hepatitis C - the most severe.
The method of transmission is from person to person through the blood. Often, infection occurs in medical institutions: during surgical operations, with blood transfusion. In some cases, it is possible to get infected by household means, for example, through syringes in drug addicts. Do not exclude sexual transmission, as well as from an infected pregnant woman to the fetus.
Symptoms of hepatitis C
Many infected with the disease for a long period of time does not make itself felt. At the same time, the body undergoes irreversible processes leading to cirrhosis or liver cancer. For such guile, hepatitis C is also called "ldquo; affectionate assassin & rdquo; .
20% of people still notice a deterioration in their health. They feel weakness, decreased efficiency, drowsiness, nausea, decreased appetite. Many of them grow thin. Also, there may be discomfort in the right hypochondrium. Sometimes the disease manifests itself only through articular pains or various cutaneous manifestations.
The detection of the hepatitis C virus by blood analysis does not present any difficulties.
Treatment of hepatitis C
Today there is no vaccine against hepatitis C, but it is quite possible to cure it. Note, the earlier a virus is detected, the more likely it is to succeed.
If a pregnant woman is infected with the hepatitis C virus, It is necessarily examined for the presence of characteristic signs of chronic liver disease. After the birth of the child, a more detailed hepatological examination is performed.
Treatment of hepatitis C is complex, and the main drugs used in the treatment are antiviral.
Infection of the fetus
In most cases, the hepatitis C virus does not have any negative effect on the course of pregnancy. In fact, the possibility of infecting a child with hepatitis C exists in only 2-5% of the total number of infected expectant mothers. If a woman is also a carrier of HIV, the risk of infection increases to 15%. In addition, there are a number of conditions and conditions in which it is possible to infect a child. Among them, in the first place, are toxicosis, hypovitaminosis, poor nutrition. The majority of cases when infection of the fetus with hepatitis C occurs, occurs at the time of delivery or the nearest postpartum period.
How to give birth?
It is proved that the frequency with which the hepatitis C virus is transmitted from mother to child does not depend on whether the baby was born naturally or by cesarean section. There is a category of medical workers who state that the risk of infection is less during caesarean section. Which way of delivery should be chosen in a separate case, is it for the woman and her treating doctor to decide. In some cases, when the patient is infected with other viruses (for example, hepatitis B or human immunodeficiency), a planned cesarean is recommended.
During pregnancy, a child passes through the placenta to antibodies to hepatitis C. After birth, they can circulate in the blood for a year and a half, and this is not a sign that the baby has contracted from the mother. The examination of the child for possible infection during labor should be performed 6 months after birth (blood test for HCV RNA) and at 1, 5 years (blood test for HCV anti-HCV and RNA).
Immediately after birth, doctors closely monitor the health of the newborn.
Breastfeeding is not prohibited, but care must be taken so that the baby does not injure the mother's nipples, otherwise the risk of infection increases. It is believed that the benefits for the child's body from breastfeeding far exceed the risk of contracting the virus. The mother must be carefully monitored to prevent the development of sores and aphthae in the child's mouth, since infection can occur during them during breastfeeding. If a woman is also infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, then breastfeeding is contraindicated.
Hepatitis C prevention
In order not to be infected with the hepatitis C virus, it is necessary to remember the following. In no case should you use other people's things: razors, toothbrushes, nail clippers and pedicure nail files, nail files or other objects that can come into contact with blood. If you have to use the services of tattooists, make sure that the instruments have been properly sterilized. It is better if disposable needles are used for these purposes.
During sexual intercourse (especially promiscuous), you can reduce the risk of infection by using condoms.