Homocysteine ??is a substance that is formed in the human body as a result of processing the amino acid methionine. In turn, methionine enters the body with food. By the way, the amino acids methionine are very useful, they are found in meat, eggs and fermented milk products.
Homocysteine ??norm in pregnancy
The homocysteine ??blood norm for a pregnant woman is 4, 6 to 12, 4 ?mol / l (for comparison, the average homocysteine ??concentration in an adult's blood is 10-11 ?mol / l). Certainly, some deviations are allowed, but not more than 0.5 micromol / l in each direction.
In case of increased or, conversely, a lower level of homocysteine ??in a future mother, you need to consult a doctor for advice and be sure to treat the problem, because this affects your health and your future child.
The level of homocysteine ??during life is constantly changing. This affects a variety of factors, in particular the period of puberty. Pregnancy can also cause a change in the level of homocysteine ??in the blood. In the early stages of his physiological decline occurs.
Reduced homocysteine ??
Some decrease in homocysteine ??with the onset of pregnancy is not a danger, because it is a normal reaction of the organism to the changes occurring with it during this period. Nevertheless, many are interested in how low homocysteine ??affects pregnancy. You should be aware that this condition in women in the early position does not require any treatment. But sometimes a low level of homocysteine ??can have a certain negative impact on the state of health of a pregnant woman.
There is a risk group that doctors constantly advise to monitor the level of homocysteine ??in the blood. For example, we are talking about women who plan to become a mother for the second time, women at the second and third trimester of pregnancy are also at risk if they have complications. In addition, an increase in the level of homocysteine ??can be associated with a genetic predisposition or some hereditary pathologies. At risk are also women who suffer from thrombophilia.
Increased homocysteine ??
Increasing this substance during pregnancy can lead to serious problems. It is even about abortion and miscarriage if the concentration of homocysteine ??in the blood reaches very high marks. Moreover, increased homocysteine ??can damage the vessels, because it makes their walls more loose. As a result, the cholesterol and calcium unchanged on the damaged vessels and the "cholesterol plaque" is formed. All this leads to the appearance of thrombi, and here we are talking about the risk to human health and life.
Why does homocysteine ??increase during pregnancy?
The fact is that many factors influence the level of this substance in the blood. Among them, smoking, alcohol abuse, drinking coffee in large quantities. During pregnancy, a lack of vitamins, mainly vitamins of group B (B1, B6, B9, B12) comes to the forefront.
Unfortunately, the statistics are not yet happy. Nowadays, many women lose their fetus if they have an increased homocysteine ??in their blood. If nevertheless it turns out to save pregnancy, then at birth there is a high risk of complications that are thrombotic or microcircular.
As for the consequences of raising the level of homocysteine, it can be infertility. It appears due to a defect that occurs during implantation of the embryo. If homocysteine ??goes beyond the norm in the second-third trimester of pregnancy, late gestosis may occur or fetal asphyxia may occur. According to statistics, pregnant women with a diagnosis of "elevated homocysteine" give birth to a baby with a small weight. In addition, such children are easily exposed to a variety of diseases as early as infancy.
All this is due to the fact that homocysteine ??easily penetrates the placenta to the baby even in the early stages of pregnancy, and this negatively affects the development of the fetus in the future.
If after all you read worry about the fetal condition, then nothing prevents you from making an analysis for the content of homocysteine ??in the blood. Let him be back to normal!