In principle, you can, of course, completely surrender to the hands of an experienced doctor and midwife immediately after the onset of labor. But, as practice proves, is aware - means, armed. Therefore, if there is such an opportunity, it is better, of course, to prepare in advance for the meeting with the baby and to know in advance how the childbirth is taking place. With such knowledge, Mom can come to the cherished hour of the beginning of labor much more prepared, and during the immediate appearance of the baby in the world - feel more calm and confident.
So, how are birth? Conditionally, physicians divide this process into three stages: the opening of the uterus and the accompanying fights; attempts and the passage of a baby along the ancestral ways; postpartum period and expulsion of the placenta (placenta). Generally, labor usually lasts about 12-18 hours in the case of the birth of the first child and about 8-11 hours if the child is not the first. If the amount of time exceeds what was shown, doctors talk about prolonged childbirth.
The longest stage in the generic process is the first stage of contractions. It is the appearance of regular bouts that can be considered a signal that it's time to go to the hospital. Usually regular bouts begin after the escape of amniotic fluid: at first it is just tangible, they become more and more prolonged, and the interval between contractions is reduced. Under the influence of contractions, the cervix of the uterus gradually opens - from 2 to 10 centimeters. At this stage, the respiratory technique, which the woman will be taught at special courses for pregnant women, will have to be taken to the case - breathing is recommended deeply and quietly to provide the baby with enough oxygen. It is advisable to choose a comfortable posture in which contractions will be transferred least painfully - this can be a vertical position, lying on the side, on the back. It's too early to push: The baby should be properly located for the "journey" along the birth canal. And therefore it is important at this time to listen to the obstetrician and the doctor, who, as the baby is ready for birth, will give the command to push.
This will be the beginning of the second stage of labor: when the cervix has opened to 10 centimeters, and the child needs to help push through for the birth. When the head of the baby falls low enough, the woman is relieved by the fact that the diaphragm is already pressing on the uterus due to the air collected in the lungs. Pressure on the uterus is enhanced by the woman herself - by contracting the abdominal muscles at the doctor's command. Due to the combination of intra-abdominal and intrauterine pressure, the baby moves along the birth canal - this process can take up to 2, 5 hours (if a woman gives birth for the first time) and not reach the time even for an hour (in case the birth is not the first). At this stage, the woman in labor should be ready for the doctor to have to resort to a perineal incision: if the head of the baby is large, and there is a risk of rupture of the soft tissues (after the incision will be stitched, and in this case he will heal much faster than at break). After the baby's head appears, the process usually goes much faster, and the baby comes to light entirely, which notifies all present with the first cry.
After a while after the birth of a baby, there is a rejection of the afterbirth and the birth of the placenta. This is the third stage of childbirth, which lasts from 5 to 30 minutes, and for the entire time of the placenta retreat the parturient child feels weak contractions. When the placenta completely disappears, and the umbilical cord will be cut, the doctor will examine the mother's birth canal for ruptures, if necessary, make them stitching with anesthesia. The first time after birth, the woman will spend in the delivery room, and then will be transferred to the postpartum department. In the meantime, all necessary procedures will be performed on the newly introduced baby: it needs to be inspected, processed, and measured and weighed. On a special tablet will be recorded data on the baby: year, day and hour of his birth, sex; name, patronymic and surname of the mother. If the birth has passed without complications, and the postpartum period proceeds according to the norm, in 3-5 days the young mother and the baby are discharged home. Now they have a new life, filled with cares and joy!