At what time can a gynecologist determine pregnancy?
The most obvious symptom of pregnancy for pregnant women is the delayed menstruation. But not always her offensive testifies to the successful conception. In order to unequivocally answer the question of fertilization, it is recommended to go to a doctor to see a woman's consultation.
The gynecologist conducts the examination and passes a verdict. Depending on the doctor's qualification and the method used by him, the time at which to actually determine the presence of the embryo is three or four weeks. If a woman gives a blood test for HCG (a hormone that is produced by the embryo), then the result can be noticeable even ten days after fertilization.
A doctor can examine a woman on a gynecological chair to establish the authenticity of pregnancy. In this way, the presence of an embryo can be determined if the period is not less than four weeks. At this time, the color changes the vagina and cervix, softens the walls of the uterine cavity and increases its size. But it should be understood that even at this time to see signs that the woman in the position can be an exceptionally skilled skilled obstetrician-gynecologist.
In most cases, a pregnancy is determined by examination, the period of which has reached seven weeks. This method is not the most reliable for detecting the fact of conception. There is an opinion that examination by a doctor of a woman whose gestation period does not exceed ten weeks, can provoke rejection of the embryo, as during this period it is fused with the uterus, and the impact on the stomach and internal sex organs can lead to undesirable consequences.
In order to be sure that you can prepare to become a mother, there are other, much safer laboratory methods of examination.
How does the doctor determine pregnancy?
In order to correctly determine the fact of conception, the obstetrician-gynecologist first asks the woman about health, about changes in perception, mood, taste preferences, sensations in the mammary glands and other changes in habitual life. These signs may appear even before menstrual delay.
After polling and entering the necessary information in the exchange card, the doctor can begin to examine the woman in a special chair. He assesses the condition of the mammary glands and external genitalia, especially the labia. If a woman is pregnant, then the labia napuhayut, become cool, there is a slight swelling and a bluish tint.
Then, with the help of a gynecological mirror, the internal organs of the woman are inspected. The uterus changes in size, shape, density, if a new life arises in it. The doctor also studies the condition of the cervix and vagina. When probing with fingers, the gynecologist assesses the size of the uterus and the condition of the appendages.
At the discretion of the doctor, he may not conduct a manual examination, but immediately give direction for the passage of vaginal ultrasound. This method of pregnancy detection is not a threat to either the woman or the future baby. It is much more reliable than the usual ultrasound. With its help, you can determine ectopic pregnancy, the position of the fetal egg, prevent a possible breakdown and assess the overall condition of the reproductive system. The advantage of the procedure is painlessness, simplicity, when the examination does not require any additional preparation.
In addition to ultrasound examination, it may be necessary to take blood to increase the level of hCG hormone, which begins to be intensively produced in the body already from the early stages of pregnancy. At the beginning of development of the fetal egg, there is a risk not to notice its presence through ultrasound. And the result of a blood test will already accurately confirm or deny the presence of pregnancy.