Why does a pregnant woman develop swelling?
During the gestation of the baby, many changes occur in the woman's body. This is not surprising, because now the main function and mission of the future mother is to safely endure a new person. And the body is struggling to provide this by rebuilding and launching new mechanisms.
First of all, when a pregnancy changes hormonal background. For example, the content in the blood of the female sex hormone progesterone at this time increases tenfold. After all, it's no accident that progesterone is also called the hormone of pregnancy, since it is he who is responsible for ensuring that pregnancy does not "fail". This hormone has a relaxing effect on the musculature of the uterus, thereby preventing it from contracting and getting rid of the fetus. Nevertheless, it is progesterone that provokes a delay in salts and fluid in the body, which, in turn, becomes the cause of edema.
In addition, during pregnancy in the body of each woman increases the volume of circulating blood. This also causes swelling. Especially they appear on the hands and feet.
These two causes that cause swelling in pregnant women are not dangerous. And if the doctor has not established any other reasons - you should not worry. But if the reason for the appearance is something else, then the measures should be taken as soon as possible.
In some cases, swelling during pregnancy is an indication that the woman is not well with the kidneys or the cardiovascular system. In addition, swelling can signal that a woman developing gestosis (the so-called toxicosis of the second half of pregnancy).
Gestosis occurs as a result of a violation of blood supply to certain internal organs (primarily the brain and kidneys) and is caused by spasm of capillaries. In addition, the liquid contained in the capillaries gets into the tissues and puffiness arises. At the same time, a woman waiting for a baby experiences various types of ailments: high blood pressure, convulsions, loss of consciousness. Urinalysis shows the appearance of a protein that is not present in the normal healthy state in the urine.
Another reason for the appearance of edema during pregnancy is the beginning or already existing varicose veins. Varicosity is a rather dangerous disease, because, in addition to a cosmetic defect, it is a risk of the formation and development of blood clots.
Symptoms of swelling during pregnancy
that a woman is worried about swelling, she can understand herself, without help. If excessive weight gain, which often indicates a developing ailment, you can not notice, then swollen hands and feet will not pass by attention. With the first manifestations of swelling, the pregnant woman begins to notice that she can not put on shoes or remove the ring from her finger. The fingers of the brush are as if "inflated" and are difficult to clench into a fist. The "swollen" woman swells up her eyelids and face. It becomes more rounded and "heavy".
Especially manifested swelling in the evenings after a prolonged vertical location. In the morning they are not so noticeable, because overnight the liquid manages to spread evenly over the body.
Another reliable symptom of edema during pregnancy is the pallor and smoothness of the skin, its certain tension and tension. If you press on such a skin, a hole is formed, which gradually becomes even.
In cases where the symptoms of edema are not very obvious and the obstetrician-gynecologist has suspicions of concealed swelling, additional tests should be performed for the diagnosis. One of them suggests the study of urination in accordance with the fluids drunk per day. The second method is a blister test. To conduct it, a woman under the skin is injected with a special solution, which must dissolve within an hour. In the case of edema, the resorption will take much longer. The third way is to measure the circumference of the legs. If, in a systematic survey, the diameter of the ankle joint increases more than 10-15 millimeters, it is necessary to talk about swelling.
Do the risks of swelling occur during pregnancy?
If swelling manifests itself, without any disturbances such as protein in the urine or high blood pressure, then this condition does not represent a danger. Otherwise, special treatment is necessary to prevent the development of gestosis. Gestosis, in turn, causes a fetal hypoxia (oxygen starvation) and premature births in 90% of cases.
Methods for controlling edema during pregnancy
If edema is caused by gestosis, the pregnant woman is hospitalized and takes the necessary measures. In the hospital, the actions of doctors will be directed not only to expel excess moisture, but also to prevent fetal hypoxia and to prevent violations of its development. If the period is long, measures for premature delivery will be taken.
In more mild cases, special diuretic teas and juices (in the first place, birch) are effective.
Here are a few recipes for preparing diuretic teas:
- Take equal parts of the leaves of bear ears, field horsetail and kidney tea. Take 200 ml per day (at one time - 60-70 ml) for 3-4 weeks;
- 1-2 tablespoons of birch leaves white must be insisted for 2 hours in 500 ml of boiling water. Drink up to half a cup of food 3-5 times a day;
- Corn stigmas in the amount of 1-2 tablespoons to insist in a glass of boiling water for 3 hours. Strain and add 1-2 tablespoons of honey. Take every 3 hours for 2 tablespoons, regardless of meals.
- One tablespoon of dried apple peel pour a glass of boiling water. As infusions (after about 10-15 minutes) - can be taken. Use up to six times a day for half a cup;
A pregnant woman should remember that it is possible to take diuretics only after the doctor's consent.
In addition, in order to cope with edema, a woman should change her way of life: move more, do exercises for pregnant women, during rest, raise her legs, breathe more fresh air, not be in a hot place (bath is excluded altogether ), do foot massage, take baths with sea salt (water temperature should not be above 35 А C), limit salt intake, Exclude spices (especially spicy), as well as smoked products.
With varicose veins, it is mandatory to wear special compression stockings throughout pregnancy, and especially in the last trimester.