When a young woman turns to a gynecologist about pregnancy planning, then he can give the direction for clinical examination in the presence of chronic diseases. If they are not, then the medical examination can only be recommended.
The gynecologist can ask at their first visit about the lifestyle of future parents, their bad habits, for example, smoking. And the first thing he recommends to do is, of course, say goodbye to nicotine before conception, or at least reduce the consumption of smoked cigarettes per day.
Nutritional features are also important during pregnancy planning. For example, it is desirable for women-vegetarians to make a temporary exception before conception and introduce meat, poultry and dairy products into the diet.
The conditions of life and work have a significant effect on the state of the nervous system of the couple at the time of conception. Constant work over midnight and frequent physical overload, lack of sleep and stress have a negative impact on the quality of sperm, and in general on the possibility of conception of the baby. Therefore, such factors need to be corrected. Maybe you should take a vacation at work, go to the sea, to the mountains, where couples very often return with a third member of the family in the womb.
The doctor will necessarily ask about the presence of chronic diseases in men and women. A threat to the future child is diabetes, lupus, hypertension, hemophilia. It is equally important to know about genetic diseases. And in this issue, the couple needs to know about family illnesses. Perhaps, grandfather suffered from epilepsy, and the grandmother died of a heart attack, the family had children with Down syndrome or twins. Perhaps you will need a genetic counseling.
Be sure to tell the doctor about problems with the menstrual cycle, if any, the use of hormonal contraceptives, miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies in the past.
You will need to pass the following tests:
- A smear on the cytology of the cervix. Doing this during pregnancy is not recommended.
- A general urine test. If you have had cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis in the past, the remaining infection can provoke even miscarriage and premature birth. If such an infection is found, it will be necessary to treat it.
- A general blood test. It is necessary for the detection of anemia or other problems.
- Analyzes for infection. Many clinics in the preparation for pregnancy make tests for AIDS and hepatitis, syphilis and chlamydia.
- Parasite analysis. Toxoplasmosis is dangerous to the fetus. It enters the body from cat feces or through poorly roasted meat. It is possible to pass the analysis revealing the presence of immunity against toxoplasmosis. If a cat lives with you in the house, then for sure you have already formed immunity to toxoplasmosis.
Blood pressure also needs to be checked, because those suffering from hypertension and, possibly, women who do not know about it are prone to have problems with the functioning of the placenta in the future.
It is necessary to check the vaccination schedule. A blood test can show if a woman has immunity, for example, to rubella. If it is absent, it is possible to vaccinate before the onset of pregnancy.
If you have not had chickenpox, then it is advisable to get a vaccine from her, because chickenpox can cause fetal pathology. Vaccination against tetanus and hepatitis B is also desirable.
The doctor will advise you at least a month before the planned conception to take folic acid. It is vitamin B9, which protects the fetus from defects in the development of the neural tube.
So, taking tests, a healthy lifestyle, vaccinations, rejection of bad habits, a balanced diet and a positive attitude will help you give birth to a healthy and happy baby.