Hypoxia of the fetus during pregnancy

Hypoxia of the fetus during pregnancy - causes, signs, consequences

In order for the fetus to develop fully during pregnancy and the birth was successful, all the processes in both organisms - child and maternal - should proceed normally, as expected. Any violation can affect the condition of the baby. And there can be such a situation for many reasons. Often, pregnant women are diagnosed with fetal hypoxia. And this is a serious reason to think and act.

What's going on?

The word "hypoxia" means insufficient oxygen. That is, when it comes to hypoxia of the fetus, this means that the baby is not receiving oxygen from the mother's body, and the oxygen starvation of the fetus occurs, as physicians say. This condition can develop during pregnancy (and then diagnose chronic hypoxia) or directly during childbirth (we are talking about acute hypoxia).

What happens when oxygen is not enough? Of course, the baby starts to choke. But it's not immediately. Before, in his small organism, a number of violations are taking place, the consequences of which, if you do not detect hypoxia and do not take medical measures on time, can be irreversible.

Lack of oxygen in the early stages of pregnancy (when laying and the formation of organs and systems) can provoke a violation of embryo development, including anomalies and injuries. And in later terms, the child's CNS suffers and physical development: growth retardation occurs, the newborn adapts poorly to the new environment, may have physical and mental disabilities. In children born with hypoxia, there are violations of the autonomic nervous system, hypertension of the muscles, the baby is restless, capricious, poorly eats and sleeps. Such a child should be under the constant supervision of a neurologist.

When the fetus suffers from a lack of oxygen, all its organs and systems begin to work in a strengthened mode, trying to get yourself a vital gas. This is possible due to the increased compensatory capabilities of a small organism. A woman feels such activation by the increased mobility of the baby. But this can not last long. And if the normal supply of oxygen is not restored and the metabolism is not normalized on time, then oppression soon comes - the baby is calmed down, because without oxygen it can no longer move. The consequences of such a state can be irreversible. Therefore, if after a sudden increased activity your baby suddenly freezes (you feel no more than 3 movements per hour), the doctor should be contacted immediately! To reveal hypoxia with the greatest reliability it is possible by additional researches: a cardiotocography and Doppler.

Why is it so?

Oxygen comes to all our organs and systems along with blood. It transports oxygen to hemoglobin, and without iron it is not produced. That is, with anemia (iron deficiency), the production of hemoglobin and, accordingly, the flow of oxygen into the blood and further throughout the body naturally decreases. However, the lack of iron in the mother's blood is not the only cause of hypoxia.

During pregnancy, the volume of circulating blood in the mother's body increases significantly, because it feeds the fetus through the placenta. If uteroplacental metabolism deteriorates, the embryo can not receive the required amount of all nutrients, including oxygen, supplied to it with maternal blood. A metabolic disorder between the mother and the fetus occurs with placental insufficiency. It blocks the flow of oxygen to the fetus and smoking during pregnancy, as nicotine narrows the blood vessels and blood circulation is disrupted. And also it is known that tobacco smoke penetrates to the embryo through the placenta, and it appears in the smokescreen - how can one not suffocate & hellip; Not the best way to affect blood vessels and alcohol. In general, the development of hypoxia can provoke a number of diseases (especially chronic diseases of a woman) and disorders in the fetus and mother and in the placenta:

  • cardiovascular disease of a pregnant woman;
  • Anemia;
  • pulmonary diseases (respiratory tract);
  • Deep stress;
  • gestosis;
  • repetition;
  • polyhydramnios;
  • Multiple fetuses;
  • violations with breech presentation;
  • the threat of premature delivery;
  • pathology of the placenta and umbilical cord;
  • abnormalities of labor;
  • intrauterine infections, intoxication;
  • hemolytic disease of the fetus;
  • congenital malformations;
  • prolonged compression of the head during labor and others.

Thus, hypoxia should be considered as a condition caused by a complex of changes in the body of the mother and child.

How to treat?

If a pregnant woman is diagnosed with hypoxia, she may be hospitalized in a hospital to ensure complete rest and necessary treatment. Although it is possible that you can be treated at home and visit a clinic or hospital. The doctor should find out what disease caused the development of hypoxia, and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Therapy is carried out in a complex manner. However, if there is no positive dynamics and the fetus's condition worsens, the issue of conducting cesarean section is considered (but this is only for a period of not less than 28 weeks).

How to prevent?

Fetal hypoxia is put about 10, 5 percent of women. However, in order not to get on their list, it is necessary which disease caused the development of hypoxia, and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Therapy is carried out in a complex manner. However, if there is no positive dynamics and the fetus's condition worsens, the issue of conducting cesarean section is considered (but this is only for a period of not less than 28 weeks).

How to prevent?

Fetal hypoxia is put about 10, 5 percent of women. However, in order not to get on their list, it is necessary which disease caused the development of hypoxia, and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Therapy is carried out in a complex manner. However, if there is no positive dynamics and the fetus's condition worsens, the issue of conducting cesarean section is considered (but this is only for a period of not less than 28 weeks).

How to prevent?

Fetal hypoxia is put about 10, 5 percent of women. However, in order not to get on their list, it is necessary Fetal hypoxia is put about 10, 5 percent of women. However, in order not to get on their list, it is necessary Fetal hypoxia is put about 10, 5 percent of women. However, in order not to get on their list, it is necessaryo just stick to a certain lifestyle during pregnancy.

The most important thing - do not smoke and do not drink alcohol. If possible, breathe only with clean air. That is, if you live in a very polluted area, move to this time in a cleaner zone. As often as possible, ventilate the room in which you live and work. Every day, take walks in the fresh air, but do not forget about the full rest.

Full nutrition and prevention of iron deficiency anemia have one of the primary values.

Of course, even a healthy lifestyle and adequate nutrition can not be a 100% guarantee that during pregnancy, hypoxia will not develop. But this will greatly increase your chances of preventing it. Besides, Regular examinations at the gynecologist and consultations with the doctor will help to find out in time something wrong.

Acute hypoxia of the fetus

A few words about the lack of oxygen experienced by the child directly in childbirth - acute hypoxia of the fetus. Such a state can arise for a number of reasons: very fast or very protracted births, when a child stuck in the birth canal simply has nothing to breathe; fetal cord embryos; premature placental abruption. All this leads to fetal asphyxiation (suffocation).

If acute hypoxia develops, the receiving doctor monitors the fetus, in particular, performs cardiac monitoring, monitoring cardiac activity. A prerequisite for this may be cloudy green waters: this means that they have got meconium. Such a criterion can be taken into account only with the head presentation of the fetus. In addition, acute hypoxia can be judged by the analysis of amniotic fluid and fetal blood analysis (pH level).

The prolonged growing condition of hypoxia during labor is an indication for emergency cesarean section.

But it should be understood that even acute hypoxia is rooted in the period of gestation. And if the violations and changes that arise at this time are revealed in advance, many troubles can be avoided.

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