When should I take an injection?
When both future parents have negative blood rhesus - you should not worry. Because the Rhesus-conflict can begin, provided that the future mother has blood with a negative rhesus, and her partner - with a positive. Under such circumstances, the baby may get a positive Rh factor from his father, because he is the chief. Such a rhesus-conflict is dangerous because the female organism produces antibodies, perceiving the fetus as a foreign agent. After birth, this is fraught with the fact that the child may develop jaundice, anemia.
If a woman has the first pregnancy, experts say that the antibodies that will be produced in the body do not harm the future baby, because the fetus is protected by the placenta. But in subsequent pregnancies, the risk of problems is great. In any case, pregnant women with a negative Rh factor, doctors pay more attention. The future mother is obliged to constantly take tests for the determination of antibodies in the blood, even taking into account that pregnancy proceeds without problems. In addition, it is important after birth to make an injection of immunoglobulin, which contains the immunoglobulin fraction. This substance is isolated from human plasma, and then purified. The active substance of this drug will allow the body not to develop antiresusive antibodies in the body, as the drug will destroy in the blood of a woman Rh-positive red blood cells of the fetus. It is important that this drug must be pricked within 72 hours after childbirth, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, abortion, placental abruption, as well as injuries and manipulations on the membranes.
This is extremely important, because in the following pregnancies, if the immunoglobulin is not injected in time, the immune system that has memory can start producing a large number of antibodies.
In this preparation there are many neutralizing antibodies that perfectly resist viruses, bacteria. And so, if the medicine is administered to a woman after giving birth not later than 3 days, then her body's defense system does not react to foreign red blood cells, and there are no problems. In some situations, such a prick is done to a woman even during pregnancy.
Breastfeeding can be done
As a rule, such shots make women free. The preparation of domestic production is predominantly used. There are injections of immunoglobulin and imported production. Therefore, a woman always has a choice of what kind of injection to make. Experts say that there is no significant difference between the drugs, the only difference is in price. Others advise, if there is a financial opportunity, to make an import prick. What kind of drug to stab - it's up to you and your doctor.
It is worth noting that the drug is absolutely safe for the health of a woman, a fetus or a newborn baby. After the introduction of immunoglobulin, there may be side effects. In particular, a slight increase in temperature, malaise, headache. Diarrhea or constipation, general deterioration of the condition, respiratory depression may also occur. But such adverse reactions are extremely rare.
We emphasize that after the introduction of an immunoglobulin, the baby can be nourished and fed (this is confirmed by many studies), since the active substance of the drug penetrates into breast milk in small quantities and will not cause any harm to the baby.
In any case, there is no need to panic and especially worry about negative blood Rhesus factor. The main thing is to turn in time to consult a gynecologist and tell about all previous situations with abortions, miscarriages, if any. In addition, in time to make the right prick and do not forget about the positive attitude that can work wonders.