Infections during pregnancy

Infections in pregnancy - tests, types, treatment

These questions can not be left without consideration, because many of these infections can not only negatively affect the health of the baby, but in general to interrupt the pregnancy. In this material we describe the most infectious diseases that are most dangerous for a pregnant woman and her future baby.

Rubella

This disease is not dangerous for children and is extremely dangerous for pregnant women. Transmitted by airborne droplets. If the future mother falls ill with rubella, the baby will not be able to avoid contact with the infection. And the consequences can be the most deplorable: reducing the size of the baby's brain, eyeballs, congenital cataracts, heart defects, congenital deafness. Often, complications of rubella are a variety of inflammatory diseases of the brain (encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, meningitis). If rubella penetrated the body of a woman in the early stages of pregnancy, in most cases, miscarriage occurs. If spontaneous abortion does not occur, and the rubella virus is identified in the first 12 weeks, this is an absolute indication for abortion. If the infection occurred at a later date, the probability of congenital malformations of the baby is slightly lower, therefore each individual situation is treated separately.

Chickenpox

Refers to the so-called childhood diseases. At a young age is easily tolerated and without consequences. In adults it is much more difficult. If the chickenpox (more correctly, chickenpox) is "picked up" by a pregnant woman, and if it goes into a pneumonia, the risk of a child is very high. Moreover, the longer the period, the greater the danger. If the pregnant woman is in contact with a sick chicken pox, she needs to see a doctor. And, the earlier, the better. The doctor will send the woman to pass the test for antibodies to the virus. If it is found that in the body of a pregnant woman there are no antibodies to chickenpox, it is necessary to introduce a specific immunoglobulin. Do this no later than 4 days after contact.

Cytomegalovirus infection (CMVI)

Unfortunately, this infection lives in the organisms of a huge number of people. Many of us can be carriers of CMV and not even suspect about it. If the virus is present in the body, then a person becomes an involuntary spreader of this infection. The development of the disease occurs with a decrease in immunity and is manifested by increased temperature, increased lymph nodes, muscle pain, weakness. Often, these manifestations are perceived as acute respiratory viral infection. If the CMV infection occurred before the onset of pregnancy, then in the body women have time to develop antibodies to the disease. But, if the infection occurred when the baby was already in the womb, things can be much worse. After all, in this case, the mother does not have immunity, and the infection quickly penetrates to the fetus.

During pregnancy, cytomegalovirus infection can lead to spontaneous abortion or premature birth if the gestation period is quite long. Also, this infection can cause an intrauterine death of a baby. Often an infection causes malformations of various organs of the child.

For the treatment of this infection used drugs that can increase the protective forces of immunity. In this case, no other treatment is provided.

Toxoplasmosis

If there is a cat in the house where the baby is expected to appear, there is a risk for a pregnant woman with toxoplasmosis. True, there is no less risk of catching this infection in people living in rural areas, or those who eat meat that has undergone insufficient heat treatment. Disease, as a rule, proceeds in severe form only if the immunity is significantly reduced. In other cases, the disease may not be manifested. In this and the danger, because the infection of a pregnant woman in every second case provokes a child's development or death. In most cases, toxoplasmosis affects the brain and spinal cord. If the baby is lucky enough to be born, the likelihood of various vices, from hearing and vision damage to the delay of mental development, is very high.

Treatment of this disease is possible, but not before the second trimester of pregnancy.

Separately I would like to highlight infectious diseases that are transmitted sexually.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia enters the woman's body mainly through sexual intercourse. As a rule, the infection occurs even before the onset of pregnancy (the exception is, if unprotected sexual intercourse occurred in a pregnant state and with a new (infected) partner). Children from such mothers are born with a small mass, with reduced immunity. During the passage of the baby through the birth canal infection of his respiratory tract is possible. If the baby gets infected while still in the womb, there is a risk of developing pneumonia or brain envelopes. Often infected children diagnosed with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Treatment of this disease is also carried out in the second trimester.

Herpes

This infection is one of the most dangerous for a pregnant woman. And not so much for her as for a baby. It also matters when infection occurs: before or after pregnancy. If the virus first entered the body during the carrying of the baby, miscarriage or intrauterine fetal death occurs, as well as the development of a variety of vices.

If a pregnant woman, at least a month before childbirth was identified by the virus, the woman is offered delivery by caesarean section. Thus, you can protect the baby from infection (in the event that the virus did not affect it in utero).

Mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis

If a woman is healthy, and she has strong immunity, none of these infections is scary to her. But it is only necessary to decrease the protective forces of the organism a little, as they "go on the offensive". Most often with mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis, the urogenital system of a woman is affected. Being in an "aggressive" state, infections can disrupt the course of pregnancy and cause its complications. These include premature termination of pregnancy, abnormal attachment of the placenta, polyhydramnios, premature passage of amniotic fluid, inflammation of the membranes of the fetus. After birth, mycoplasma and ureaplasma can provoke various complications in a woman.

Syphilis

If syphilis is in the active stage, it can cause serious fetal pathologies: deformation of bones and teeth, diseases of the nervous system and brain. There are cases of stillbirth. Unfortunately, this disease can not be cured. You can only "crush" it with immunity. Therefore, it is called a chronic infectious disease. If syphilis is diagnosed long before the onset of pregnancy, and the woman has taken all the necessary measures, there is a possibility of a completely healthy child.

Hepatitis B and C

Infectious diseases that present a serious danger to the fetus. Hepatitis of these types is transmitted to the child, if the mother's disease manifests itself in an active form. If a woman is only a carrier, the probability of infection is about 5%. The greatest danger to a child is hepatitis in the first trimester. HIV is a chronic viral disease in which human immunity is affected. If you carry out the necessary therapy, the risk of infecting a child with an infection is small - 2%. Otherwise, the chances increase to 30%.

What can be done after reading? First, that there are no safe infections. Secondly, that timely measures taken to protect children from infection. Thirdly, it is necessary to live and act in such a way that as little as possible to expose yourself (and your future crumbs) danger, because the risk of complications in infected during gestation is much higher.

Take care of yourself and your kids! Be healthy!

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