Colic called pain of an antispasmodic nature, caused by bloating and extreme stress of the muscles of the large intestine. People with diagnosed chronic gastritis, digestive disorders and peristalsis and other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract are familiar with this phenomenon.
During pregnancy, intestinal colic occurs due to migration of the egg to the uterine cavity. That's why even before the delay of menstrual women can feel cramping pains in the lower abdomen. Often, such phenomena occur against the background of hormonal adjustment, rapid growth of the fetus. If intestinal colic become a "frequent visitor" for you, accompanied by a violation of defecation, you should immediately consult a doctor. Usually, spasms in the large intestine are periodic. They are accompanied by bloating, rumbling, a feeling of bursting, flatulence with an unpleasant odor. Sometimes there are problems with emptying or, conversely, too frequent stools.
Symptoms such as the presence of mucous membranes or ducts in the stool, nausea and vomiting, aversion to food and a decrease in appetite should alert you and cause an immediate medical attention.
Often, intestinal colic is observed in stressful situations, after taking heavy food, as well as in the background of a sedentary lifestyle. Such cramping pains in the abdomen are characteristic not only for the first trimester, but also for the last months of pregnancy. A growing fetus can deform the walls of the intestine, making it difficult to empty and causing microcracks at the slightest stress.
Intestinal colic during pregnancy can be allergic. In this case, the stool analysis will show the presence of pointed crystals in the feces. A tight pointed abdomen is characterized by an inflated intestine.
How to treat intestinal colic to future mothers?
With blunt, weak pain, experts recommend applying a warm water bottle to the lower part of the peritoneum. If the stomach is excessively swollen, then it can not be heated. In this case, you need to see a doctor and follow his instructions. As a rule, the doctor prescribes a corrective diet. From the diet it is necessary to exclude fried, spicy, flour foods, as well as carbonated drinks. Vegetables and fruits with a lot of fiber will help to establish digestion and forget about intestinal colic for a long time. Try to use for the time of treatment dietary meat cooked for a couple, or to extinguish it with a minimum amount of oil.
With regard to drug treatment of intestinal colic during pregnancy, it is acceptable to take a drug such as Espumizan. It is not absorbed into the blood and does not harm the future baby. Thus quickly relieves of uncomfortable sensations at colic in a stomach. This drug is prescribed for infants.
If you do not have Espomizana on hand, and you do not have the strength to endure harsh pains, you can take 1-2 tablets of Drotaverin or No-shpy. In the case when intestinal cramps are caused by constipation, then laxatives or cleansing enemas will help get rid of this trouble. Receiving a large amount of clean water, consuming kefir, ryazhenka, yogurt also helps to eliminate digestive problems.
Prevention of intestinal colic during pregnancy
To prevent the development of such a disease, doctors recommend regular exercise of the abdominal gymnastics, massaging it clockwise for 5 minutes every day. In addition, try once a week to arrange a fasting days, giving up fatty, spicy and fried foods. Acupressure also helps to cope with problems in the digestive tract. Drink herbal teas from fennel, thyme and yarrow. It is very useful to eat raw or baked pumpkin, pumpkin seeds.
Now you know why intestinal colic occurs and how to deal with such a phenomenon with simple, affordable means. Therefore, it remains for us to wish you the best health.