Laparoscopy - what is it, indications for conduction and possible complications

Briefly about laparoscopy

We are used to the fact that the operation is a large incision, the removal of any internal organ or part of it, which ends with suturing the wound and a large postoperative scar. Laparoscopy is a more advanced method of surgical intervention, when the traditional incision is not done. Instead, the surgeon makes several small incisions, more like punctures. This method allows you to reduce discomfort and pain during and after the operation, minimize postoperative risks and make traces of incisions almost invisible. The usual scars in the form of a red long healing scar on the body of a woman will not remain. By the way, the period of stay in a medical institution operated by the method of laparoscopy is usually a day.

As for the operation itself, the doctor makes three small holes in the anterior abdominal wall. The first serves for immersion in the abdomen of a special device called an endoscope, and the other two serve for the introduction of surgical instruments.

What are women treated with laparoscopy?

Laparoscopic operations in gynecology are aimed at eliminating the majority of causes of infertility. So, quite often women have spikes in the fallopian tubes, which makes pregnancy impossible. Laparoscopy restores the patency of the tubes. It is also used as ovarian drilling, that is, the elimination of the effects of the phenomenon of polycystic ovaries. In this case, they use a laser or an electrode to make 4-6 holes, which stimulates the ovaries to resume ovulation.

Endometriosis is also used to treat laparoscopy. Very often foci of the endometrium extend to the intestine, bladder and pelvic vessels. And when these foci are not removed completely, the endometriosis tissue will expand further. Laparoscopic removal allows final & bdquo; put the point & rdquo; on endometriosis.

Laparoscopic surgery also eliminates the advanced stage of ectopic pregnancy. And if after the traditional cutting of the peritoneum to eliminate the ectopic pregnancy, the next woman is advised to advance after 3-6 months, then after laparoscopy, you can get pregnant again in a month.

In addition, laparoscopy is used to restore the bottom of the uterus, the treatment of uterine leiomyoma (benign tumor).

Contraindications for laparoscopy

This method of surgery has few contraindications. Among them, a high degree of obesity, blood clotting disorders, infectious diseases.

The onset of pregnancy after laparoscopy

Answer unequivocally the question of when the conception of the field of this operation will come, it is impossible, because it is purely individual, depends on the state of health, age. It is important, how much time has passed from the diagnosis to laparoscopy. That is, the neglect of the disease.

Experience shows that eliminating endometriosis or obstruction of the fallopian tubes by laparoscopic means gives the woman a chance of pregnancy as early as next month. Of course, the onset of pregnancy after laparoscopy is influenced by the doctor's professionalism, his experience and the conditions of the operation.

So, laparoscopy is a modern, sparing method of surgical intervention, contributing to the elimination of problems of the female body and the onset of a long-awaited pregnancy. In our time, the effectiveness of this method is very high and gives families the opportunity to embody the long-awaited dream for the child's appearance in life.

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