Since "the enemy must be known in person" in order to warn the undesirable situation in time, let's consider the causes of miscarriages. In fact, knowing about the symptoms preceding spontaneous abortion, and taking timely measures, you can endure and safely give birth to a child.
Do you know that approximately 15-20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriages? Moreover, in most cases this occurs on such terms that the woman does not even suspect about the pregnancy that has come, and perceives the discharge as a regular menses. In this situation, there is one plus: without knowing about pregnancy, a woman is not subjected to psychological stress or depression. The situation is more complicated with the so-called "early" miscarriages, when, if not the whole family, then the woman, for sure, has already become accustomed to the new status and plans for the future.
Early is called miscarriage, which took place before the twelfth week of pregnancy. Such - the majority among all (there are still "late") of the involuntary involuntary abortions.
Causes of miscarriage
First, and the main reason for the miscarriage is genetic. Physicians call this type of spontaneous abortion "natural selection", because in the sexual cells of parents under the influence of harmful environmental factors, mutations occur, because of which the fetus has no chance to become a full-fledged healthy person.
The same causes of early miscarriages can be hormonal disorders, when there is not enough progesterone, "responsible" for the entire pregnancy. If the body has too many androgens (male hormones), miscarriages are also possible. Infections that are transmitted sexually (among them syphilis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, herpes, cytomegalovirus, etc.) also cause spontaneous abortions. Therefore, it is very important, when planning a pregnancy, to pass tests for the presence of these and other diseases and, if found, cure them. Be prepared for such a treatment - a long and serious, so take care of everything in time, and not a week or two before conception.
If a woman had at least one artificial abortion, then the chances of further personally knowing what a miscarriage is, are significantly increasing. If there were several of them - even more so.
Some pregnant women with a negative Rh factor are well aware of the concept of Rh-conflict, the essence of which is that the fetus inherited the positive Rh factor of the pope, and the body, or rather, the immune system, tries to get rid of the "alien" body . If the time is taken to take the necessary measures and carry out the necessary treatment, the pregnancy is preserved. This cause of the threat of termination of pregnancy is called immunological.
In addition, there are a number of other reasons, among which: the experience of stress (mental trauma, depression, grief), the management of unhealthy lifestyles (use of drugs, alcohol, smoking, poor nutrition), the presence of infectious diseases (rubella, viral hepatitis, influenza), as well as diseases accompanied by inflammatory processes, drugs, and, finally, trauma, weight lifting, sexual intercourse.
It is very important to establish the cause of miscarriage, as this will help prevent a repeat of the situation in the future.
How to recognize that there is a threat of interruption or a miscarriage has already begun?
Characteristic symptoms of miscarriage
First, you need to know that miscarriages are conventionally divided into types:
- threat of miscarriage;
- an unavoidable or incomplete miscarriage;
- complete miscarriage;
- abortive miscarriage;
- A repeated miscarriage.
Among the main symptoms are:
- pain in the lower abdomen or in the lower back, especially cramping;
- spotting spotting or bleeding; (if the bleeding is accompanied by the emergence of pieces of tissue outside, they talk about a miscarriage);
- white and pink mucus from the vagina;
- disappearance of signs of pregnancy or loss of breast sensitivity;
A pregnant woman, although she should listen to her feelings, but should not overdo it. There are symptoms that are NOT threats. Among them: not strong spasms, soreness or a feeling of heaviness (can be felt both on one side and the entire abdomen, and denote the sprain of the ligaments of the enlarged uterus). Also it is not terrible, if in days of supposed monthly, but not later than 10 days after conception, there may be insignificant discharge of blood.
Mother's life after a miscarriage ...
If a miscarriage has happened, then nothing remains, after gaining the strength of will and patience, after a rehabilitation course, again to plan motherhood. The recovery period after spontaneous abortion lasts from several weeks to several months, based on the specific features of the case. One of the primary tasks of the medical staff is to eliminate bleeding and prevent infection. In early pregnancy, the probability of self-rejection of embryonic tissue is higher, so sometimes you can do without manipulation. In case the tissues do not come out or come out in part, apply a scraping.
In addition, an important role is given to the psychological rehabilitation of women. Very often it drags on much longer physiological.
Unfortunately, the probability of once again losing a child increases with each miscarriage. For example, after two miscarriages, the chance to survive a third increases to 47%. Such miscarriages physicians are called "habitual". But do not despair, because there are many positive cases when women gave birth to healthy strong children after the second, fourth and even seventh miscarriage!
To protect yourself from trouble, it is necessary to follow the elementary rules. For example, do not engage in heavy physical work, do not lift weights greater than two kilograms, do not repair, move furniture, wash windows, hang clothes or curtains. The latter is dangerous because you can fall off a chair. In addition, high arms raise the tension of the uterus. Take care of yourself and be well!