All about ovulation - how it happens, signs and tests

What, where, when?

Ovulation is the output of a ready-for-fertilization egg from the ovary into the abdominal cavity, the fallopian tube. There, it can be found before fertilization, that is, before merging with the spermatozoon for 1-2 days. At this time, the inner layer of the uterus is compacted, so that in case of conception a fertilized egg can attach to the wall of the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized, then it goes out with monthly. In the ovary begins to mature the next egg, which, like its predecessor, during the ovulation period can become fertilized and become a fetal egg.

Sometimes, ovulation does not happen every month, and stress can affect it, illness, taking certain medications. But usually ovulation is one of the stages of the menstrual cycle, which occurs every 21-35 days, depending on the duration of the cycle. For women with a 28-day cycle, ovulation occurs on Day 14. But in general, the period of onset of ovulation is 11-21 days from the beginning of menstruation.

The rhythm of ovulation, constant for every woman, can change after abortion, childbirth, and also after 40 years in the period of preparation for menopause. For the period of pregnancy, ovulation stops.

Symptoms of ovulation

In every woman, the signs of ovulation are expressed in their own way. One can at this time feel the pain in the lower abdomen, the other feels a special tide of sexual desire, the third one observes an increase in viscid mucous secretions from the vagina and even a small amount of blood. The soreness of the nipples and the sensitivity of the breast can also be symptoms of ovulation. Some women at this time is characterized by bloating. All these objective signs can manifest themselves together.

The absence of ovulation in medicine is called anovulation, and it is considered the cause of female infertility.

Ovulation test

In order to not guess and do not listen to yourself for an accurate definition of the period of ovulation, there are special tests. They determine the level of content in a woman's body of luteinizing hormone (LH). It is he & bdquo; responds & rdquo; for the onset of pregnancy. Before ovulation, the level of this hormone increases, which leads to ovulation. The content of LH is reflected in the chemical composition of urine, which fixes the test.

But it should be emphasized that only a woman with a stable cycle can perform the test for ovulation. It is recommended to start this test for ovulation 17 days before the expected onset of menstruation or on the 11th day after the onset (with a 28-day menstrual cycle). A positive test result is an indicator that you are in the stage of readiness for conception. It can take place during 24-48 hours. It is this time that is considered the most favorable for the onset of pregnancy. So prepare the spouse!

Ovulation and contraception

The peak of sexual excitability in many women falls just for the period of ovulation. Therefore, if you do not plan a pregnancy, then at this time you need to carefully guard yourself. Sometimes the local means of contraception that are customary for you can "fail" during periods of ovulation. Sexual abstinence can not be practiced for this period by all partners.

Especially it repents of young couples. Moreover, with strong amorous stimulations, additional ovulation may occur - and in one menstrual cycle, not one but two eggs will mature. This is typical for irregular sexual relations or for cases of long abstinence from them. That's why women become pregnant after long separation from their husbands even on "safe" days. Keep this in mind!

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