Ovulation is a very short time between the first and second phases of the menstrual cycle, lasting about 48 hours. During this period, the matured egg, ready for fertilization, leaves the ovary in the fallopian tube and advances towards the uterus, where, in case of successful fertilization, it will attach to the uterine wall. For women seeking to become pregnant, it is very important to be able to calculate the time of onset of ovulation, because in each individual case, ovulation occurs in different ways. And it depends on the individual characteristics of the menstrual cycle of each individual woman. So, ideally, the menstrual cycle is 28 days with regularly onset menstruation, which lasts 3-5 days. But in some cases, the cycle may be shorter and longer (for example, from 19 to 30-35 days), and menstruation can last for 7-9 days. In addition, the menstrual cycle is a very complex physiological process, regulated by hormones. Therefore, any changes in the hormonal background, hormonal outbursts can have an effect on ovulation and pregnancy.
Having learned to determine the onset of ovulation, an interested woman has the opportunity to plan the conception of a baby with great probability. There are several methods of determining ovulation today. To calculate the most favorable period for fertilization is possible, using, for example, a calendar method that will be convenient only in the case of regular menstruation, a well-adjusted menstrual cycle. Another way to determine ovulation is to measure the rectal temperature. So, During the release of a mature egg from the ovary, the temperature in the rectum rises by about half a degree. You can determine the onset of ovulation by evaluating the discharge from the vagina - cervical mucus. There are today special tests for the definition of ovulation. They act similarly to tests that diagnose the presence of pregnancy, and the result is also shown in two strips. Subjective signs of ovulation may be drawing pains in the abdomen, malaise and mood changes, general poor health, and some - a surge of sexual desire.
Regular menstruation, which means successful ovulation and pregnancy as a whole, last for a woman up to 45-55 years, until the gradual extinction of ovarian function begins. That is, during all this time, provided there are no violations of ovulation, possibly the onset of pregnancy. These disorders can be triggered by dysfunction of the synthesis of hormones, stress, inflammation of the genitals. Anovulation (absence of ovulation) becomes the reason why pregnancy is impossible in principle. It requires mandatory treatment to the gynecologist to determine the causes that caused anovulation, and the application of appropriate treatment, for example, by stimulating ovulation.
But with the condition of regular ovulation, absence of violations in the functioning of the female body, ovulation and pregnancy are not possible in every cycle. Yet it is so conditioned by nature that every year an egg does not ripen in any of the women in a certain month, which means that attempts to conceive this month will not be successful. This situation is typical for newly-born women, as well as mothers, breastfeeding women, women aged 35-40 years. However, in the overwhelming majority of cases with a regular menstrual cycle and a well-adjusted menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs regularly. And, knowing, on what days it is necessary ovulation, a woman gets all the opportunities for successful conception of the child.