Physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy

Physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy

From the moment of conception, the load on the heart of a woman increases. This is explained by the appearance of placental circulation. The volume of blood (up to one and a half liters) increases by 40-55%, which circulates by the female body. Most of the future mothers have systolic murmurs already in the second trimester because of the increased frequency of heart contractions. And this is normal.

Varicose veins are also a problem, but it is relevant for the third trimester, when the uterus increases, the body weight increases and pressure on the veins of the legs is created.

Increases in the female body and respiratory volume, the need for oxygen.

On the part of the digestive system, the most unpleasant symptom is heartburn and toxicosis. A woman can radically change her tastes, there is an aversion to certain types of food. Some people have a desire to gnaw the chalk.

As for heartburn, it is caused by the ingestion of gastric juice on the walls of the esophagus. And then every future mother is looking for her own rescue device.

Often pregnant women complain of intestinal problems, which they previously did not experience at all. It can be swelling, constipation. They are explained by a decrease in the tone of the intestine, a decrease in its peristalsis. And against this background, hemorrhoids also appear. It is manifested by itching, burning and sometimes bleeding from the rectum. If you have hemorrhoids, you should always consult a doctor.

The selection system does not remain unchanged. Kidneys women experience a double load, because they withdraw the products of the exchange and the baby, and his mother. In later terms, women sometimes have urinary incontinence because of pressure on the bladder. Changes in the excretory system make a woman vulnerable to urinary tract infection.

With the restructuring of the hormonal background, changes in the skin condition may appear. In some women it becomes clean, elastic, others have pigmentation. This is also manifested by darkening the birthmarks. Therefore, it is not recommended to sunbathe in an interesting position and to visit the solarium too.

Psychological changes are the emergence of various emotions, including emotional ups, anxieties, fear. Sometimes a woman is disturbed by insomnia and obsessive thoughts. Pregnant women can burst into tears for no apparent reason. And this is also quite normal. Therefore, the husband and those who live in the same house with the future mother, you just have to have patience and not forget that this phenomenon is temporary. The very same woman does not need to drive her insults into the depths of her soul, share problems and sometimes even shift them onto the shoulders of relatives. The task of close people is, to increase the positive emotions of women. If she worries about weight gain and the appearance of pigmentation, then convince her that it's all temporary, that you love her and that, and the baby requires these victims. When it is impossible to influence a woman's condition, she is constantly in a bad mood, nervous, then there are signs of depression - and a specialist consultation is needed.

The main task of a pregnant woman is to save the child, take it out and keep her health. And for this she needs to give up a lot, starting with bad habits and wearing heels, for example. It's hard, but still necessary. From the first days you need to control your food and be extremely cautious in all situations that threaten with danger: slippery floors, icy steps. And if a woman responsibly treats her new position, then psychological failures will be avoided.

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