Lishay is a fungal or viral infection that affects the skin and manifests itself in rashes accompanied by ecdysis, itching and changes in the color of the skin. As a rule, lichen appears after contact with a sick animal or person, but it can provoke:
- weakening of immunity after the transferred disease,
- nervous condition (anxiety, stress),
- lack of vitamins,
- fatigue or loss of strength,
- subcooling or overheating ,
- chronic diseases.
The organism of the future mother in view of the natural decline in immunity is more vulnerable and susceptible to various diseases, and therefore any of the above reasons can provoke the appearance of lichen, which is not so rare for pregnant women. The main thing in this situation is to turn in time to the doctor (dermatologist), because at the early stages of the disease development, its diagnosis and adequate treatment minimize the risk of depriving, both for the woman herself and her fetus.
Depending on the form of skin lesions, on the characteristics of the course of the disease and the causes of its occurrence, medicine distinguishes several types of lichen, and each of them is treated differently. It is for this reason that it is extremely important to determine the type of lichen, especially in a pregnant woman, in order to understand how dangerous it is for the future mother and her baby.
What is pink deprive?
Pink lichen (roseola scaly or deprive Zhibera) is a disease of an infectious and allergic nature, which is accompanied by the formation on the body of spots of pink color with a bright, distinct rim of rounded shape and flaking inside. Doctors believe that this form of lichen causes a virus - a form of viral herpes. As the disease develops, the patient can observe the appearance of one "mother" spot at first, and after a while several more such spots on the chest, on the shoulders, on the sides and on other places of the body. The affected areas begin to peel off, and there is quite a strong itch.
Autumn and spring are considered the most dangerous periods of infection with this type of lichen, and its main risk group is children aged 10 years and young people under 35 years. Usually, people with a strong immune system should not worry about a possible infection. But for those who have immunity weakened, in order to avoid infection, you must follow the basic rules of hygiene: do not use the personal belongings of the sick person (bath accessories, comb), do not overcool, do not get nervous over trifles, do not communicate with homeless animals, even if they look absolutely healthy, etc.
Pregnant women, unfortunately, experience hormonal failure, a sharp decrease in immunity and often allergies that may lead to the appearance of pink lichen.
What is dangerous for pink lichen for a pregnant woman?
Until recently, pink lichen was considered a non-dangerous disease, which for pregnant women and their future kids is not a threat, passes for two months and is unpleasant only with its symptoms. However, recent studies have shown that the disease is not as harmless as it seemed before.
The scientists managed to find out that if the infection occurred in the early stages of pregnancy (before the 16th week), then deprivation can provoke premature birth or miscarriage. Shingles appear during the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy, usually without any complications, but this does not mean that it does not need to be treated.
Symptoms of pink lichen
To date, it is established that pink lichen is a disease of a viral origin (herpevirus type 6 or 7), accompanied by influenza-like symptoms and occurring once in a lifetime. Once having had a pain, a person permanently acquires a stable immunity to this disease. Symptoms of pink lichen serve as:
- the appearance of a round or oval spot of pink color with a clearly outlined form called a "mother plaque",
- the same scaly and itchy spots (pink or pinkish-yellow) can be found all over the body,
- most of these spots are found on the shoulders, back, sides, hips, but they never hit the head, face, brushes hands and feet,
- the central part of the spots is scaly, taking the form of folded scales resembling tissue paper,
- SRI spots become brighter and observed their strong itch.
As a rule, after about 1, 5-2 months the disease passes by itself, without bringing serious complications.
How to treat pink deprive?
Pink lichen in pregnant women does not require special treatment, because after 1, 5-2 months passes independently. However, if the itching causes inconvenience and becomes unbearable, then in this case, first of all, you need to contact your doctor, who leads the pregnancy, or to a dermatologist. First, it is necessary to do this to make sure the diagnosis is correct and exclude diseases with similar symptoms (herpes, parvovirus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus or syphilis); secondly, doctors will select the necessary treatment (drug or non-medicamental) or advise the people's means.
To remove unbearable itching, a doctor may prescribe antihistamines and immunity-enhancing drugs, but above all he will recommend:
- wear loose, loose clothing made from natural fabrics (silk, cotton), but refuse this from woolen things,
- do not use during the treatment and at least 2 weeks after it cosmetic products that can enhance the symptoms of the disease,
- do not overheat the affected skin,
- when using a soap of soft action,
- after washing, apply a calamine ointment to the affected areas of the skin.
If necessary and with especially neglected cases, the doctor may prescribe antiviral or antifungal drugs, blocking the activity of fungi and viruses. In addition to its main effect, these drugs are able to restore affected areas of the skin.
The doctor can prescribe:
1. For ingestion:
- antihistamines (eg Suprastin, Claritin),
- Vitamin therapy (vitamins A, whole group B, C),
- broad-spectrum antibiotics (Erythromycin, Tetracycline),
- sedatives are prescribed as needed.
2. To treat affected skin:
- ointment from a range of corticosteroids,
- a stirred suspension of water, glycerin, zinc oxide , talc and starch,
- topical steroids (for example, cream with hydrocortisone or clobetasol) - to soothe the itching.
3. Non-drug treatment:
- phototherapy - UV-B,
- oils - sea ??buckthorn, sea buckthorn, peach, rosehip oil,
In some cases, ointments containing antibiotics and immunoglobulin injections can be prescribed.
At home, you can somewhat speed up the healing process:
- Try not to wet the affected areas of the skin too often - the water intensifies the itch and makes the stains bright red.
- In order to avoid spreading deprivation to healthy skin, it is not recommended to take baths before recovery - it is better to wash under the shower, without using a sponge and slightly hot water.
- It is not recommended to treat stains with ointments containing tar and sulfur (this can cause irritation).
- Affected places can be lubricated with hypoallergenic agents intended for moisturizing the skin (menthol or calamine lotions, ointments).
- Do not recommend swimming pools, solariums, swimming in open water, long stay in the sun (if taking sun baths, then no longer than 10-15 minutes), do massages.
- It will not be superfluous to adhere to the hypoallergenic diet - to exclude from the diet nuts, coffee, citrus, chocolate, spices, carbonated drinks, fruits and vegetables of red color, smoked products and canned products. Folk medicine can also offer several tools that will help to speed up recovery or at least relieve itching:
- Lubricate the damaged skin with juice or gruel from onions,
- apply a cabbage leaf, smeared with sour cream,
- to rub the stains with a mixture of the medicinal tincture of calendula and castor oil (in equal proportions),
- 10 g of dry calendula flowers to powder into powder, mix with 50 g of Vaseline and lubricate 3 times a day the affected areas,
- with a mix of Uks meat and mustard stains can also be cleaned with lichen,
- can be lubricated spots apple cider vinegar, but no more than 6-7 times a day.
For a more restful sleep at night, you can drink tea from chamomile, lemon balm and mint.
There is still a lot of folk medicine for treating different kinds of lichen (including pink), but pregnancy is not a time for experiments, and before applying this or that remedy, you must first consult a doctor .
At the same time, although the medicine claims that the pink lichen passes on its own for several weeks, this does not mean that it should not be taken into consideration at all - and let the process run wild. Untimely or incorrect treatment can lead to infection of the skin, and at the same time to the emergence of persistent eczema.