Postpartum depression according to some data occurs in 10% of parturient women. The figure is impressive and everyone is at a loss: how is it? Why is this happening? After the birth of a child - it's so beautiful!
Scientists still can not get to the bottom of the truth, but they assume that it was not without hormones. During pregnancy, the level of female hormones rises sharply (10 times!), And after delivery immediately falls, and only after a few days returns to the norm, which was established by the body before pregnancy. Well, how does this not affect the psychoemotional state of a woman? Scientists draw an analogy with PMS and climacteric conditions (when the level of hormones also changes).
But not only this is the cause of the depressive state. Along with the "internal" changes, the woman also experiences "external" changes. Psychologists say that it is external changes that "answer" for postpartum depression, or rather, how ready a woman is for these changes. But more on that later.
Symptoms of postpartum depression
Almost every woman in labor during the first days after birth experiences mini depression, because one of the mothers does not recall those bouts of melancholy, anxiety, fatigue, despair, apathy, emptiness , anxiety and other dubious feelings that crept into the subconscious? Indeed, all the blame for hormones, and then it's up to the woman herself. Many people can not overcome themselves, and now we have to fight with the real depression.
Of course, every young mother may feel that she can not cope with her duties, and even more so if there are no people around who can support. At the same time, the feeling of "uselessness" arises also in the case when everyone around is overly cared for by the newly mummy and does not allow her to manifest herself, sometimes literally in the true sense of the word.
As you can see, everything is confusing and difficult, because we are talking about a woman who is truly an unsolved mystery. Try-guess what's going on in our heads? So how do you understand when it's in a bad mood, and when you're depressed?
There are many signs that you can judge about postpartum depression. Here are some of them:
- A constant change of mood, and sharply and without any apparent reason;
- A constant sense of emptiness, anxiety, sadness;
- Sleep disorder;
- Lack of appetite;
- Unwillingness to take care of the baby;
- Inability to concentrate;
- Increased fatigue and weakness throughout the body;
- The desire for solitude;
- Impaired memory and attention;
- Complaints about misunderstandings of loved ones;
- Frequent conditions of fussiness and absent-mindedness.
The list can be continued, but if these symptoms are present, then the diagnosis is unambiguous - postpartum depression.
How to deal with postpartum depression?
Many believe: it will pass by itself. Indeed, in most cases this is the case, but sometimes postpartum depression becomes dangerous not only for the mother, but also for the baby. Rarely, but still it develops into a postpartum psychosis, which requires urgent medical intervention (in such conditions suicides or attempts to get rid of the baby are possible).
To avoid complications, postpartum depression is important in time to recognize and "cure". Sometimes for this it is enough to understand close people, sometimes you need help from a psychologist or psychoneurologist, and sometimes you can not do without antidepressants. If you still have to treat depression medication, then you need to consider whether the prescribed drug does not affect lactation and the baby. Although this is sometimes impossible, because "experiments" on pregnant and nursing are not carried out because of ethical considerations. Therefore, it is better to do without medication.
What should a new mother do for this? Well, first, do not blame yourself for being a bad mother. Secondly, do not blame the close people for what is happening to her. Thirdly, you need to understand and accept that postpartum depression will only happen when the woman herself wants to.
What should relatives do? Many will answer: help. But the help is different. If you decide to shield a woman from all the worries associated with the child - you will only make it worse. Everything should be balanced, everyone should have their duties.
It is difficult to provide clear instructions on how to cure depression, because we are all different people, and emotions are hardest to treat.
How to prevent?
Is it possible to prevent postpartum depression? Most likely, yes, because scientists have identified factors that increase the risk of developing depression:
- Postpartum depression has already been observed? Then the subsequent birth can also end with depression (at least, this happens with 50% of women).
- Pregnancy is not desirable? Then the born child will be undesirable, and the instinct of motherhood will overcome the feeling of guilt before the child.
- Problems with her husband or relatives on different soils? Then the birth of another member of the family will only heighten the sense of doom.
Other risk factors are also:
- The first pregnancy;
- Genetic predisposition to depression;
- Depression during pregnancy;
- The presence of seasonal depression;
- Health problems after childbirth.
That's what everyone needs to figure out long before the birth. Do not be afraid to ask for help from relatives, as well as specialists. Do not take pregnancy and childbirth, like a cross in a familiar life, because this is the beginning of a new one. Be prepared for difficulties, and remember that they alternate with joyful moments. Love yourself and your loved ones. And also remember that depression has a maternal effect on the mental state of the baby. Studies have shown that children of depressed mothers in adulthood often turn to psychologists for help, rather than children whose mothers did not suffer from this disease.
Whatever it was, but almost everything is in your hands. Good luck and no depressions! Life is beautiful, especially the one in which a new life is born!