The 14th week of pregnancy can be called a " "The moment - on this date the second trimester of pregnancy begins. Therefore, from this point on, most pathologies and abnormalities for the fetus are no longer as scary as in the early stages of pregnancy. The actively growing and developing baby will more and more be felt - even now it has grown to 8-10 cm and weighs about 30-40 g.
The fetus at 14 weeks of pregnancy acquires even more similarity with man, only "in miniature." Small, he actively moves, frowns, clenches his fists and, touching the abdominal wall, pushes away from it. True, the woman does not yet feel this, although many pregnant women claim that even at such an early time, as 14 weeks, they felt the "movement" of the crumbs.
The fetus at the 14th week of pregnancy continues to "build up" the skeleton, and the first ribs begin to appear. Surprisingly, but now the baby is getting ready for birth - making a diaphragm movements that resemble the respiratory ones. A 14-week-old fetus can already distinguish between tastes: swallowing an amniotic fluid, responds to a sweet baby with rapid, swallowing reflexes, acidic or bitter reflexes, on the contrary, weak.
The body of the fetus is now still covered with a dense protective lubricant, but under it a fluff has already appeared on the baby's thin skin, the name of which is Lanugo. The first and thin hairs that cover the body of the fetus (by the way, the same fluff is already on the head of the baby) are called a special protective lubricant to keep: thanks to it in the future, the baby will easily slide along the birth canal. In addition to the fact that the soft and light lanugo covers the entire body of the fetus, the baby already boasts the presence of pins and eyelashes.
All the systems and organs of the baby are already laid and are functioning, their work is becoming more and more perfect and harmonious. In addition, sex organs have already been formed, although it is still difficult to distinguish between ultrasound and ultrasound, who "lives" in the mother's abdomen. But it is possible to determine the blood group and the Rh factor, inherent in the baby - despite the fact that the blood composition has not yet been completely formed.
Ultrasound at week 14 of pregnancy
But ultrasound is not only and not so much done to determine the sex of the baby and its size. Ultrasound at the 14th week of pregnancy is one of the most informative methods to assess the degree of fetal development and the correspondence of this development to the norm. Moreover, it is quite simple to establish such a correspondence: the fruit at this time has dimensions, sufficient for clear visualization of all its structures.
The main parameters evaluated by ultrasound at the 14th week of pregnancy are the coccyx-parietal size of the baby (length, fetal growth from the crown to the coccyx); biparietal size (transverse size of the fetal head); head circumference and abdominal circumference. Also, ultrasound at the 14th week of pregnancy allows you to measure the length of the baby's thigh, and simultaneously - the ratio of the two femurs to eliminate developmental defects.
Additionally, the expert evaluates the development of long bones of the fetus (elbow, ray, shoulder, peroneal and tibial), feet and hands. And with them - and evaluation of the development of internal organs: heart, stomach, kidneys, intestines, bladder, brain.
Screening today is considered one of the most modern and reliable methods of examination, allowing time to identify and identify chromosomal abnormalities and fetal development abnormalities. And the first screening examination, which is often also called a double test (due to the study of two markers in a biochemical blood test) is usually shown at 11-14 weeks. That's only the most optimal time - 12-13 weeks: screening also suggests, in addition to the biochemical blood test, and ultrasound examination of the collar zone of the fetus. Such a study makes it possible with a high degree of probability to exclude the possibility of developing any inborn deviations in a baby. But, since the collar zone refers to non-permanent markers and constantly changes as the fetus develops, it can be studied at a clearly defined time. And usually in the full 14 weeks of pregnancy, she does not provide reliable results in the screening of reliable results. Why, screening is desirable to be carried out either earlier than this time, or already wait for the right moment for the second screening survey, which falls on 15-20 weeks of pregnancy (optimally - at 16-18).
Analyzes at week 14 of pregnancy
If, up to this time, the expectant mother has not yet passed all the tests shown by this time, she may be scheduled for tests at 14 weeks gestation - in the form of general and gynecologic examination, urinalysis, consultation with a therapist, dentist and otolaryngologist. As already mentioned above, also tests at the 14th week of pregnancy may suggest routine ultrasound. The blood test, among other things, may also provide for the determination in the body of a pregnant hormone level of chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). If during the first few weeks of pregnancy the level of hCG in the body of a future mother constantly increases, then, starting from 8-9 weeks, reaching its peak, the level of hCG decreases slightly and remains so throughout the second trimester. If the level of hCG at this stage does not correspond to the norm, this may indicate the possibility of developing some chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus. However, such an analysis is not the final diagnosis and becomes an excuse for additional studies.
In some cases, as an analysis, puncture of the amniotic fluid may be required. This analysis is carried out exclusively according to the testimony, and the woman can refuse it: the doctor must necessarily notify the future mother of a miserable, but still existing, miscarriage (the risk of miscarriage leaves 1: 200). The process of sampling for analysis consists in inserting a needle into the uterus (at the same time as performing an ultrasound to see where the child is), through which a certain amount of amniotic fluid is taken for examination. In the future, the analysis of the amniotic fluid will make it possible to assume or exclude the presence of possible chromosomal pathologies in the fetus.
Toxicosis at the term of 14 weeks of pregnancy, usually remains in the past. However, he is often replaced by pain at 14 weeks of gestation of a completely different nature, most often - back pain and headaches.
Painful sensations in the back - often the consequences of a woman's love for high heels. Therefore, if already from the beginning of pregnancy the expectant mother never gave up this "luxuriance", now it's time to do it. Pain in the loin at this time also occurs due to the gradual increase in the weight of the future mother and the displacement of the center of gravity. Headaches at week 14, such as migraine headaches, can arise spontaneously and unexpectedly, and it is better, of course, to warn them, rather than later to fight with pain. For this, it is necessary to have a sufficient rest, not to overwork, to avoid feeling hungry and to avoid noisy smoky rooms. If the headache still makes itself felt, the main thing is to prevent the use of medication. To relieve pain symptoms, it is necessary to lie in a dark and cool, a well-ventilated room, and massage of the temporal part will not interfere.
It is possible that they will visit the future mother and the pain on the 14th week of pregnancy, concentrated in the lower abdomen and wearing a weak and dulled character. This is a consequence of the stretching of the ligaments that fix the uterus. However, one should be alert if the pain on the 14th week of pregnancy in the abdomen is permanent or if it occurs abruptly and unexpectedly, pains that are cramped or aching are a clear sign of hypertension of the uterus. Immediately, you should call the doctor also if abdominal pain is accompanied by pain in the lumbar region, abundant watery vaginal discharge or bleeding. It is very likely that such symptoms indicate a high risk of pregnancy disruption and even fetal death.
If the pregnancy proceeds according to the norm, then the sensations at the 14th week of pregnancy, characteristic of early terms, recede. Toxicosis of the future mother is already "exhausted," her emotional state has also stabilized, the baby is practically not threatened by all those dangers that could harm him in the first weeks of pregnancy & hellip; And there comes for the woman a happy time, full of the realization of an early motherhood, pleasant troubles and troubles associated with the preparation of her child.