Vaccination and pregnancy
Most doctors believe that ideally a woman should make all the necessary vaccinations before pregnancy. But it happens in exceptional cases. Practice shows that, in fact, very rarely anyone is vaccinated against various diseases immediately before conception. Yes, in fact, and this is confirmed by medical workers, for 9 months of pregnancy a woman can never face the danger of contracting a serious illness. Nevertheless, one can not deny the fact that such a probability still exists, and from this no one is immune.
Let's assume that before the pregnancy the woman did not get vaccinations, but at some stage of bearing the baby was seriously threatened, faced with the infection, as they say, face to face. What then? In this case, specialists determine the degree of danger from a specific disease and compare it with the risk of developing complications that may arise as a result of the introduction of the vaccine. Typically, the vaccine is done only if the infection can cause serious harm to a woman and her future child.
What vaccinations can be done and which can not be done by pregnant women?
First, it should be noted that the vaccination of pregnant women, if necessary, is carried out by dead, and in no case live, vaccines. Secondly, very often, if the question is about the use of live vaccine, it is replaced by specific immunoglobulins (ready-made antibodies). This concerns vaccinations against diseases such as diphtheria, tetanus, measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and poliomyelitis. As a result of their application, there is a significant risk of developing fetal pathologies.
Even the dead, which are correctly called inactivated, are used with extreme caution. This category includes vaccinations against hepatitis A and hepatitis B, influenza, rabies, meningococcal infection, pneumococcal infection (allowed only in the last trimester of pregnancy).
Vaccination against hepatitis B, which can be infected through unsterilized medical and cosmetic tools, with household contacts with the blood of an infected person or sexual intercourse, if a woman is at high risk. The same applies to vaccinations against hepatitis A, which is administered in the presence of a high risk of infection.