In general, human papillomavirus is present in the blood in almost 90% of the inhabitants of the earth. According to various sources, 70-95% of people of reproductive age are infected with it. And, by the way, most of the virus does not appear. Except in cases when a person's immunity is greatly weakened. HPV is called one of the most common viral diseases. Today, about a hundred different types of HPV are known. A third is transmitted sexually. It manifests condylomas and papillomas in the vagina, on the cervix.
But most types of HPV have no significant symptoms. In addition, precise mechanisms of transmission of this virus from person to person are also unknown.
If at conception HPV was in a latent form, then during pregnancy it can make itself felt by papillomas - these are cutaneous outgrowths (soft warts), if they were earlier, they can grow in size and change. Get rid of them during an interesting situation is not recommended, because any burn - stress for the skin, and hence - for the baby. Therefore, a pregnant woman with HPV should still be under a close medical eye. Any methods of treatment to her will be prescribed only after the 28th week of pregnancy. After all, by that time the systems and organs of the baby have already been formed and are not exposed to the threat of negative effects of medicines.
In rare cases, the papillomavirus can affect the fetus. For example, if the warts (wart-like flesh-colored skin and mucous membranes, which are usually located in the anus and genital area) are in the vagina, there is a risk that during the passage through the birth canal the child will breathe earlier than the prescribed time and with this sigh will get papillomavirus. There is a high probability of infection of the child with the virus of the papilloma in childbirth - because he has warts on the vocal cords. Therefore, women suffering from vaginal condylomas, are strongly advised to resort to caesarean section.
If the warts are not in the vagina, the child does not become infected with HPV. But still, in order not to weaken your immunity, a pregnant woman with HPV should take care of herself and maintain her body with the goal of maintaining health. After all, HPV can lead to an exacerbation of such a disease as thrush.
If a woman has cutaneous formations, she should take an HPV test before pregnancy. So she herself will be calmer. After all, some types of the virus can be oncogenic and require careful monitoring of the doctor during pregnancy.
It is worth remembering that if a woman before the pregnancy doctors found papillomovirus, then you need to undergo a course of treatment and it is better to have a child some time after it. Especially to wait for a long time it is not necessary - usually the doctor gives the go-ahead for pregnancy already in the next monthly cycle after HPV treatment.
Especially this applies to those to whom treatment was prescribed with podophyllotoxin (this antiviral drug causes necrosis of condyloma). Of course, only a doctor should prescribe all the necessary drugs.
Till now the medicine for complete cure of HPV has not been found. Modern treatment is aimed primarily at "drowning out" the infection and fighting with symptoms. Condylomata either removed (for example, by laser therapy), or they are prescribed drugs that reduce the concentration of the virus in the body.
Some researchers consider HPV to be one of the causes of cervical cancer. The argument is that the treatment of warts on the neck with the help of freezing or other method is impossible, since such an intervention can lead to premature birth.